Grazing of crops

How can the grazing of crops be managed so that both grain yield and the benefit to livestock are optimised? OFT contains more than 75 trials from the western, southern and northern grain growing regions on integrating livestock into the cropping program. These trials tackle a range of topics, including options for mitigating risk in pasture crop rotations, mechanisms that lead to yield loss after grazing and the impact of livestock on paddock health.

For further information on how to better manage crops and pastures within a rotation to improve crop and livestock production, visit the Grain and Graze website.

For additional information on increasing whole-farm profitability with dual-purpose crops, refer to the 2016 paper “Managing dual purpose crops to optimise profit from grazing and grain yield” written by John Kirkegarrd, Susie Sprague, Julianne Lilley and Lindsay Bell (CSIRO Agriculture Flagship, Canberra and Toowoomba).

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Aims:

This Demonstration forms part of the Grain & Graze II project looking at the relative merits of grazing canola and cereal crops. This demonstration looks to assess whether the effects of grazing canola with sheep during the growing season. Factors being assessed are yield and quality, dry matter production and grazing value.

Crop type: Canola 1 trial Grazing Regime Variety Type
East Binnu, WA
Research organisaton
Funding sources

Aims:

This Demonstration forms part of the Grain & Graze II project looking at the relative merits of grazing canola and cereal crops. This demonstration looks to assess whether the effects of grazing wheat with sheep during the growing season. Factors being assessed are Yield & quality, dry matter production and grazing value.

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Grazing Regime
Mingenew, WA
Research organisaton
Funding sources

Grazing crops at Dudinin

Jonathan England (DAFWA) and Sarah Hyde (Facey Group)

Aims:

To investigate the impacts of degree and timing of grazing on crop yield.

Crop type: Barley 1 trial Grazing Timing Grazing Height
Dudinin, WA Sandy loam
Research organisatons
Funding source

Aims:

To monitor the feed value and grain production from different types of grazed cereal crops in Northern Victoria.

Crop type: Multiple 1 trial Grazing
Patchewollock, VIC
Research organisaton
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Aims:

To monitor the feed value and grain production from different types of grazed cereal crops in Northern Victoria.

Crop type: Multiple 1 trial Grazing
Jil JIl, VIC
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To monitor the feed value and grain production from different types of grazed cereal crops in Northern Victoria.

Crop type: Multiple 1 trial Grazing
Normanville, VIC
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Funding source

Aims:

To demonstrate the impacts of degree and timing of grazing of crops on yield.

Crop type: Multiple 1 trial Crop Type Grazing Timing Grazing Height
Kolindale, WA Medium loam
Research organisaton

Aims:

To investigate the drivers for yield loss under grazing with a view to make grazing crops less risky.

Inverleigh, VIC
SOURCE DATA UNAVAILABLE
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Funding source

Grazing crops in a dry year

Philip Barrett-Lennard, Sam Taylor (agVivo), Richard Quinlan (Planfarm), Greg Warren, Michelle Handley (Farm and General) and Ryan Pearce (ConsultAg)

Aims:

There is growing interest in the practice of grazing crops in winter. Many WA farmers have now been exposed to the concept of grazing crops, but most are reluctant to ‘put the stock in’ for fear of receiving a grain yield penalty.

The aim of these on-farm trials, funded by the Grain & Graze 2 project, was to determine the impact th… read more

Crop type: Not specified 1 trial Grazing
Badgingarra, WA
SOURCE DATA UNAVAILABLE
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Funding sources

Aims:

To value-add to grazing crops as frost mitigation tool by investigating the interaction of time x height of (simulated) grazing on wheat crop recovery and delay in flowering window.

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Frost Tendency Grazing Timing Grazing Rate
Gnowangerup, WA
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To value-add to grazing crops as frost mitigation tool by investigating the interaction of time x height of (simulated) grazing on wheat crop recovery and delay in flowering window.

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Frost Tendency Grazing Timing Grazing Rate
Dumbleyung, WA
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To value-add to grazing crops as frost mitigation tool by investigating the interaction of time x height of (simulated) grazing on wheat crop recovery and delay in flowering window.

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Grazing Timing Grazing Rate
Lake Grace, WA
Research organisaton
Funding source

Grain & Graze 3 - Grazing crops and frost

Phil Barrett-Lennard (Agvivo), Sheree Blechynden and Sarah Hyde (Facey Group)

Aims:

To assess the impact of (and interaction between) grazing and frost damage on the grain yield and quality of a range of winter and spring cereal varieties sown at two times of sowing.

Crop type: Multiple 1 trial Crop Type Grazing Timing Sowing Timing Variety Type
Wickepin, WA Loamy sand
Research organisatons
Funding source
Facey Group Agvivo

Aims:

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Grazing Timing
Werneth, VIC
Research organisaton
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Crop type: Barley 1 trial Grazing Timing
Lake Bolac, VIC
Research organisaton
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Crop type: Barley 1 trial Grazing Timing
Inverleigh, VIC
Research organisaton
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Crop type: Canola 1 trial Grazing Timing
Werneth, VIC
Research organisaton
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Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Grazing Timing
Lake Bolac, VIC
Research organisaton
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Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Grazing Regime
Inverleigh, VIC
Research organisaton
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Aims:

To compare Fortune, Wyalkatchem, Wedgetail wheat and Baudin barley as grazing crops.

Badgingarra, WA Deep sand
SOURCE DATA UNAVAILABLE
Research organisatons

Aims:

To take a step back and look at how important rainfall and variety choice are in grazing crops to maintain grain yield.

Inverleigh, VIC
SOURCE DATA UNAVAILABLE
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Funding sources

Aims:

  • To assess the ability of conventionally sown Hindmarsh barley crops at Jil Jil and Nullawil to recover from grazing, the effects on straw and grain yield production and on grain quality.
  • To consider the place of early sown feed versus grazing crops in low rainfall farming systems.

Crop type: Barley 2 trials Grazing
Jil JIl, VIC Nullawil, VIC
SOURCE DATA UNAVAILABLE
Research organisaton

Aims:

To validate the effect of grazing intensity and growth stage on forage value and yield response of different wheat varieties, with sowing times suited to cultivar.

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Grazing Regime
Quambatook, VIC Clay loam
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

This demonstration looks to assess whether the effects of grazing wheat with sheep during the growing season. Factors being assessed are yield and quality, dry matter production and grazing value.

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Grazing
East Binnu, WA Yellow sandplain
SOURCE DATA UNAVAILABLE
Research organisatons
Funding sources

Aims:

  • To evaluate the suitability of different wheat and barley varieties for both grazing and grain production, when sown early in the cropping program in low rainfall western Victoria.
  • To evaluate how the stage at which the crop is grazed affects its recovery.

Crop type: Multiple 1 trial Grazing Timing Sowing Timing
Corack, VIC
SOURCE DATA UNAVAILABLE
Research organisaton
Funding sources

Aims:

The majority of farms in low rainfall areas use sheep to provide enterprise diversity, however grazing also offers a range of other system benefits that are generally not accounted for in mixed farming enterprises. Studies have shown that grazing offers a useful tool for managing weeds and pests, improving crop nutrition and yields and providing… read more

Crop type: Medic 1 trial Fertiliser Rate Grazing Regime Sowing Rate
Minnipa Agricultural Centre, SA Red sandy loam
Research organisatons
Funding source

Aims:

The majority of farms in low rainfall areas use sheep to provide enterprise diversity, however grazing also offers a range of other system benefits that are generally not accounted for in mixed farming enterprises. Studies have shown that grazing offers a useful tool for managing weeds and pests, improving crop nutrition and yields and providing… read more

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Fertiliser Rate Grazing Regime Sowing Rate
Minnipa Agricultural Centre, SA Red sandy loam
Research organisatons
Funding source

Aims:

Mixed livestock and cropping systems have an important role to play in the diversification, risk management and sustainability of farming in low rainfall areas. The majority of farms in these areas use livestock to provide enterprise diversity and risk management, however grazing also offers a range of other system benefits that are generally no… read more

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Fertiliser Rate Grazing Regime Sowing Rate
Minnipa Agricultural Centre, SA Red sandy loam
Research organisatons
Funding source

Aims:

To assess the yield and grain quality effect of grazing on currently grown commercial cereal varieties via paddock scale demonstrations in the Rainbow district.

Crop type: Multiple 1 trial Crop Type Grazing Variety Type
Rainbow, VIC
SOURCE DATA UNAVAILABLE
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Funding source

Aims:

To determine how post-grazing nitrogen application rates and post flowering rainfall affect the recovery of Mace and Trojan grain wheat crops after grazing.

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Grazing Timing
Berriwillock, VIC Sandy clay loam
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To determine how post-grazing nitrogen application rates and post flowering rainfall affect the recovery of Mace and Trojan grain wheat crops after grazing.

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Grazing Timing
Berriwillock, VIC Sandy clay loam
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To determine the success of Pasture Cropping for different starting pasture compositions and crop sequences (i.e. the difference betweencropping year-after-year compared to doing it once) in comparison to No Till cropping and pasture treatments. Success will be assessed by the profitability of the crop, the grazing value of the pasture, perennia… read more

, NSW
Research organisaton

Aims:

Wheat varieties respond differently to stresses due to genetic and phenological variances. This can impact their production, including plant recovery after grazing. Grazing cereals to growth stage 30, then removing livestock and taking the crop through to yield, is a common practice in low rainfall mixed farming systems. However, with shorter an… read more

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Fertiliser Rate Fertiliser Timing Grazing Timing
Minnipa Agricultural Centre, SA Red sandy loam
SOURCE DATA UNAVAILABLE
Research organisatons
Funding source

Aims:

To discuss the integration of livestock into the cropping program.

Crop type: Multiple 1 trial Crop Type Grazing Variety Type
Marnoo, VIC
SOURCE DATA UNAVAILABLE
Research organisaton

Aims:

To evaluate the impact of grazing intensity on forage value, crop recovery and grain production of a wheat crop in the Victorian Mallee.

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Grazing Rate
Watchupga East, VIC
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To assess the impact of sheep grazing over summer on crop residues, soil quality and no-tillage crop establishment and yields.

Crop type: Multiple 1 trial Grazing Regime
Wickepin, WA
SOURCE DATA UNAVAILABLE
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Funding source

Sheep and no-till: no worries!

James Hunt (CSIRO), Neil Fettell (University of New England), Tony Swan and John Kirkegaard (CSIRO), Paul Breust (Farmlink Research) and Mark Peoples (CSIRO)

Aims:

To test whether sheep grazing in no-till systems damages soil and reduces crop yields.

Crop type: Multiple 1 trial Grazing Regime Stubble Management
Temora, NSW Red chromosol
Research organisaton
Funding source

Sheep and no-till: no worries!

James Hunt (CSIRO); Neil Fettell (University of New England); Tony Swan and John Kirkegaard (CSIRO); Paul Breust (Farmlink research); Mark Peoples (CSIRO)

Aims:

To test whether sheep grazing in no-till systems damages soil and reduces crop yields.

Crop type: Multiple 1 trial Grazing Regime Stubble Management
Condobolin, NSW Clay loam
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To investigate the effects of grazing livestock in no-till paddocks on soil structure, soil compaction and soil moisture, weed seed burial and carbon/nitrogen cycling in no-till farming systems.

Crop type: Barley 1 trial Grazing Rate
Quantong, VIC
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To investigate the effects of grazing livestock in no-till paddocks on soil structure, soil compaction and soil moisture, weed seed burial and carbon/nitrogen cycling in no-till farming systems.

Crop type: Barley 1 trial Grazing Rate
Hopetoun, VIC
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To develop lucerne cultivars, specifically for the southern Australian cropping districts, that are compatible with existing farming systems as well as being productive and persistent. The breeding program is focusing on improving tolerance to acidic soils, persistent grazing and establishment with companion crops

Crop type: Lucerne 1 trial Variety Type
Buntine, WA Acidic sand
Research organisatons

The impact of livestock on paddock health

Jessica Crettenden and Roy Latta (SARDI, Minnipa Agricultural Centre)

Aims:

To test whether soil fertility and health could be improved under a higher input system compared with a lower input and more traditional system.

Crop type: Multiple 1 trial Crop Rotation Grazing Regime
Minnipa, VIC
SOURCE DATA UNAVAILABLE
Research organisaton
Funding sources

Aims:

To test whether soil fertility and health could be improved under a higher input system (e.g. higher fertiliser and seeding rates, establishment of improved pasture) compared to a lower input and more traditional system (district practice seed and fertiliser inputs, volunteer pasture).

The six year (2008-2013) rotation of: wheat, wheat… read more

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Fertiliser Rate Grazing Regime Sowing Rate
Minnipa Agricultural Centre, SA Red sandy loam
Research organisatons
Funding source

Aims:

  • To examine the potential for both grain and forage cereal crops to supply feed for grazing enterprises.
  • To determine the effects of grazing on grain yield and quality to help build informed decisions about when to graze crops to ensure maximum profit

Crop type: Barley 1 trial Grazing Regime
Nullawil, VIC
SOURCE DATA UNAVAILABLE
Research organisaton
Funding sources

Aims:

To evaluate how new and existing wheat and barley varieties respond to grazing and post-grazing nitrogen (N) application rates.

Crop type: Barley 1 trial Fertiliser Application Grazing Regime Variety Type
Warmur, VIC Clay loam
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To evaluate how new and existing wheat and barley varieties respond to grazing and post-grazing nitrogen (N) application rates.

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Fertiliser Application Grazing Regime Variety Type
Warmur, VIC Clay loam
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To evaluate how new and existing wheat and barley varieties respond to grazing and post-grazing nitrogen (N) application rates.

Crop type: Barley 1 trial Fertiliser Application Grazing Regime Variety Type
Warmur, VIC Clay loam
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To evaluate how new and existing wheat and barley varieties respond to grazing and post-grazing nitrogen (N) application rates.

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Fertiliser Application Grazing Regime Variety Type
Warmur, VIC Clay loam
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To compare different varieties for dry matter production (DM/ha), recovery from grazing and the impact of grazing on grain yields.

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Crop Crop Type Variety Variety Type
, SA
Research organisaton

Aims:

This demonstration looks to assess whether the effects of grazing wheat with sheep during the growing season. Factors being assessed are yield and quality, dry matter production and grazing value.

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Grazing
, WA Sand to sandy loam
SOURCE DATA UNAVAILABLE
Research organisatons
Funding sources