Timing is everything: barley and canola time of sowing

2012

Research organisaton
Funding source

Trial details

Researcher(s) Tim McClelland (BCG)
Year(s) 2012
Contributor Birchip Cropping Group
Trial location(s) Horsham, VIC
Watchupga East, VIC
Timing is everything: barley and canola time of sowing locations
Aims

To compare alternative agronomic practices that may improve establishment of new and current barley varieties in wider row spacings.

Key messages

In 2012, early sown barley and canola gave the highest yields and gross returns. The early sown crops were able to withstand frosts and avoid the worst of the dry spring. Despite the different growth habit (erect vs prostrate) of many of the barley varieties, no one variety responded better to the altered sowing times or density than any other. Growers should plant all barley varieties at their chosen timing and plant density, and make their selection on the basis of other factors (e.g. disease resistance).

Lead research organisation N/A
Host research organisation N/A
Trial funding source GRDC DAN00138
Related program N/A
Acknowledgments

The barley trials were funded by GRDC; project DAN00138 and the canola trials were funded by BCG members through their membership.


Other trial partners Not specified

Method

Crop types Barley
Canola
Treatment type(s)
  • Sowing: Rate
  • Sowing: Timing
  • Variety: Type
Trial type
Trial design

Horsham 2012 Barley

Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Fungicide Not specified

Horsham 2012 Canola

Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Fungicide Not specified

Watchupga East 2012 Canola

Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Fungicide Not specified

Watchupga East 2012 Barley

Sow date 23 April 2012
Harvest date 25 November 2012
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication 4
Fertiliser

At sowing: Granulock Supreme Z (50kg/ha) over all treatments 6 July: urea (90kg/ha) over all treatments 8 August: urea (90kg/ha) over all treatments

Herbicide

Pre-sowing: Triflur X (1.5L/ha) + Roundup Powermax (1.5L/ha) over early TOS only Pre-sowing: Triflur X (1.5L/ha) + Roundup Powermax (2.0L/ha) + Hammer (50ml/ha) over late TOS only 30 July: Velocity (670ml/ha) + Hasten (1%) over early TOS only 30 July: Velocity (670ml/ha) + MCPA LVE 600 (300ml/ha) + Hasten (1%) over late TOS only

Fungicide

4 September: Amistar Xtra (400ml/ha) over all treatments

Download results

Trial results Watchupga results

# Variety
Treatment 1
Grain yield (t/ha) Protein (%) Test weight (kg/hL)
1 Average Early TOS 3.2 12.4 68.2
2 Average Late TOS 2.5 14.1 65.5

Grain yield t/ha


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Protein %


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Test weight kg/hL


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Trial results Sea Lake results

# Variety
Treatment 1
Grain yield (t/ha) Protein (%) Test weight (kg/hL)
1 Average Early TOS 3.2 12.4 68.2
2 Average Late TOS 2.5 14.1 65.5

Grain yield t/ha


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Protein %


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Test weight kg/hL


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Observed trial site soil information
Trial site soil testing
Not specified
Soil conditions
Trial site Soil texture
Horsham, VIC Not specified
Watchupga East, VIC Clay loam
Derived trial site soil information
Australian Soil Classification Source: ASRIS
Trial site Soil order
Horsham, VIC Vertosol
Watchupga East, VIC Calcarosol
Soil Moisture Source: BOM/ANU
Average amount of water stored in the soil profile during the year, estimated by the OzWALD model-data fusion system.
Year Horsham VIC Watchupga East VIC
2012 234.3mm587.5mm
2011 265.9mm615.3mm
2010 280.9mm607.8mm
2009 263.0mm565.4mm
2008 224.5mm569.4mm
2007 252.5mm585.3mm
2006 267.9mm587.2mm
2005 320.3mm616.1mm
2004 320.5mm596.6mm
2003 414.3mm606.8mm
2002 447.0mm578.7mm
2001 522.9mm591.7mm
2000 628.5mm546.7mm
National soil grid Source: CSIRO/TERN
NOTE: National Soil Grid data is aggregated information for background information on the wider area
Actual soil values can vary significantly in a small area and the trial soil tests are the most relevant data where available

Soil properties

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Climate

Derived climate information

No observed climate data available for this trial.
Derived climate data is determined from trial site location and national weather sources.

Horsham VIC

Watchupga East VIC

Horsham VIC

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Watchupga East VIC

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Some data on this site is sourced from the Bureau of Meteorology

SILO weather estimates sourced from https://www.longpaddock.qld.gov.au/silo/
Jeffrey, S.J., Carter, J.O., Moodie, K.B. and Beswick, A.R. (2001). Using spatial interpolation to construct a comprehensive archive of Australian climate data , Environmental Modelling and Software, Vol 16/4, pp 309-330. DOI: 10.1016/S1364-8152(01)00008-1.



Trial last modified: 05-12-2019 11:31am AEST