Rotation renewal, profitable legume phase options

2014 - 2015
CC BY 4.0

Research organisaton
Funding source

Trial details

Researcher(s) Project supervisor: Jeremy Lemon (DAFWA), Project officer: John Blake
Year(s) 2014 - 2015
Contributor Stirlings to Coast Farmers
Trial location(s) Site 3, Darkan, WA
Gnowellen, WA
Kenmare, WA
Site 5, Lake Grace, WA
Site 4, Nyabing, WA
Rotation renewal, profitable legume phase options locations
Aims

To demonstrate establishment, management and viability of legume phase options in cropping rotations with appropriate agronomic management packages.

Key messages

This project is providing a focus on pasture species, inoculation, weed control and overall management together with the crop nitrogen benefits and crop responses. This project is a large-plot Development and Extension project, part of a much broader effort of many industry participants in developing new pasture systems in crop rotations.

Lead research organisation Stirlings to Coast Farmers
Host research organisation Stirlings to Coast Farmers
Trial funding source GRDC SCF00003
Related program Regional Cropping Solutions Network
Acknowledgments

Many people have been involved with this project which would not have been possible without their dedication and persistence. Grower group staff, John Blake, Kayla Ringrose, Janelle Smith, and Fiona Hobley. Host Farmers, Jeff and Kate Stoney, Evan Hall and Bindi Murray, Scott Ewen, Royce and Anna Taylor, Brayden and Kate Johnston.


Other trial partners Farmers Jeff and Kate Stoney
Download the trial report to view additional trial information

Method

Crop types Oats
Clover
Serradella
Mixed species
Treatment type(s)
  • Crop: Type
  • Inoculant: Application
Trial type
Trial design

Darkan 2014 Oats

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Darkan 2014 Clover

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Darkan 2014 Serradella

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Darkan 2014 Mixed species

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Darkan 2015 Oats

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Darkan 2015 Clover

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Darkan 2015 Serradella

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Darkan 2015 Mixed species

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Gnowellen 2014 Oats

Sow rate or Target density Bladder clover @ 9kg/ha, Saia oats @ 60kg/ha, Margurita serradella at 9kg/ha, Santorini yellow serra
Sow date 25 April 2014 25 April 2014
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size 15m x 200m
Plot replication 2
Fertiliser

80kg/ha TEK Phos. 4:1 (N:P:K:S, 0:7.2:9.9:8.1 plus trace elements)

Herbicide

25g/ha Broadstrike plus 55g/ha Diuron granules and wetter applied post emergent (12 June). Select for grass control applied 10 July

Seed treatment

Inoculation at sowing with Alosca granules at 10kg/ha sown with seed

Other trial notes Not specified

Gnowellen 2014 Clover

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Gnowellen 2014 Mixed species

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Gnowellen 2014 Serradella

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Gnowellen 2015 Oats

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Gnowellen 2015 Clover

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Gnowellen 2015 Mixed species

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Gnowellen 2015 Serradella

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Kenmare 2014 Oats

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Kenmare 2014 Clover

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Kenmare 2014 Serradella

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Kenmare 2014 Mixed species

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Kenmare 2015 Oats

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Kenmare 2015 Clover

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Kenmare 2015 Serradella

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Kenmare 2015 Mixed species

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Lake Grace 2014 Oats

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Lake Grace 2014 Clover

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Lake Grace 2014 Serradella

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Lake Grace 2014 Mixed species

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Lake Grace 2015 Oats

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Lake Grace 2015 Clover

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Lake Grace 2015 Serradella

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Lake Grace 2015 Mixed species

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Nyabing 2014 Oats

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes

Sowing unit used was a DBS 12m bar.

Nyabing 2014 Clover

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes

Sowing unit used was a DBS 12m bar.

Nyabing 2014 Serradella

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes

Sowing unit used was a DBS 12m bar.

Nyabing 2014 Mixed species

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes

Sowing unit used was a DBS 12m bar.

Nyabing 2015 Oats

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes

Sowing unit used was a DBS 12m bar.

Nyabing 2015 Clover

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes

Sowing unit used was a DBS 12m bar.

Nyabing 2015 Serradella

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes

Sowing unit used was a DBS 12m bar.

Nyabing 2015 Mixed species

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes

Sowing unit used was a DBS 12m bar.

Download the trial report to view additional method/treatment information

Download results

Trial results Gnowellen

# Treatment 1
Clover (plants/m2) Pod yield (kg/ha) Establishment plants (plants/m2) Dry matter (kg/ha) Weed yield (kg/ha)
1 Volunteer pasture year 1; nil N in year 2 10 28 0 95 775
2 Volunteer pasture year 1; 0.5 N in year 2 23 20 0 50 770
3 Volunteer pasture year 1; 1.0 N in year 2 14 25 0 100 790
4 Volunteer pasture year 1; 2.0 N in year 2 19 15 0 60 840
5 Bladder clover 6 98 85 405 670
6 Saia oats 10 0 134 1365 455
7 Margurita serradella 12 648 97 515 525
8 Santorini serradella, gland clover 4 93 285 415 595
9 Santorini serradella, gland clover 12 113 116 480 460
10 Casbah biserrula 7 23 223 260 1005

Clover plants/m2


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Dry matter kg/ha


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Establishment plants plants/m2


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Pod yield kg/ha


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Weed yield kg/ha


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Trial results Kenmare

# Treatment 1
Clover (plants/m2) Pod yield (kg/ha) Establishment plants (plants/m2) Dry matter (kg/ha) Weed yield (kg/ha)
1 Bladder clover 179 3.75 236 1031 775
2 Cadiz French serradella 191 3.46 178 934 770
3 Kojonup oats 359 1.26 146 909 790
4 Marguriata French serradella 178 3.24 225 1081 840
5 Santorini yellow serradella 228 4.69 70 991 670
6 Rasina vetch 159 3.37 127 1119 455
7 Urana sub-clover 185 3.74 130 1091 525
8 Volunteer pasture 218 1.45 0 933 595
9 Santorini serradella, gland clover 12 113 116 480 460
10 Casbah biserrula 7 23 223 260 1005

Clover plants/m2


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Dry matter kg/ha


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Establishment plants plants/m2


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Pod yield kg/ha


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Weed yield kg/ha


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Trial results Darkan

# Treatment 1
Clover (plants/m2) Pod yield (kg/ha) Establishment plants (plants/m2) Dry matter (kg/ha)
1 Oats 146 28 1 117
2 Rasina vetch 93 20 1 75
3 Margurita serradella 72 25 1 29
4 Blaza crimson clover 61 15 3 10
5 Prima gland clover 60 98 1 59
6 Dalkeith sub-clover 55 0 1 46
7 Volunteer pasture 58 648 23 27

Clover plants/m2


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Dry matter kg/ha


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Establishment plants plants/m2


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Pod yield kg/ha


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Trial results Lake Grace

# Treatment 1
Dry matter (kg/ha) Clover (plants/m2)
1 Izmur sub-clover 29 1209
2 Dalkeith sub-clover 27 1619
3 Control/fallow 13 924
4 Margurita serradella 22 816
5 Bartolo bladder clover 11 49
6 Cadiz serradella 30 1033
7 Farmer mix 18 726
8 Angel medic 14 590
9 Casbah biserrula 43 1377

Clover plants/m2


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Dry matter kg/ha


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Observed trial site soil information
Trial site soil testing
Not specified
Soil conditions
Trial site Soil texture
Site 3, Darkan, WA Not specified
Gnowellen, WA Gravelly sand
Kenmare, WA Not specified
Site 5, Lake Grace, WA Not specified
Site 4, Nyabing, WA Not specified
Derived trial site soil information
Australian Soil Classification Source
Trial site Soil order
Site 3, Darkan, WA Sodosol
Gnowellen, WA Sodosol
Kenmare, WA Sodosol
Site 5, Lake Grace, WA Sodosol
Site 4, Nyabing, WA Sodosol
National soil grid Source
NOTE: National Soil Grid data is aggregated information for background information on the wider area
Actual soil values can vary significantly in a small area and the trial soil tests are the most relevant data where available

Soil properties

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Climate

Derived climate information

No observed climate data available for this trial.
Derived climate data is determined from trial site location and national weather sources.

Site 3, Darkan WA

Gnowellen WA

Kenmare WA

Site 5, Lake Grace WA

Site 4, Nyabing WA

Site 3, Darkan WA

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Gnowellen WA

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Kenmare WA

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Site 5, Lake Grace WA

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Site 4, Nyabing WA

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Some data on this site is sourced from the Bureau of Meteorology

SILO weather estimates sourced from https://www.longpaddock.qld.gov.au/silo/
Jeffrey, S.J., Carter, J.O., Moodie, K.B. and Beswick, A.R. (2001). Using spatial interpolation to construct a comprehensive archive of Australian climate data , Environmental Modelling and Software, Vol 16/4, pp 309-330. DOI: 10.1016/S1364-8152(01)00008-1.



Trial last modified: 11-12-2019 14:36pm AEST