Rotation renewal, profitable legume phase options

2014 - 2015
CC BY 4.0

Research organisaton
Funding source

Trial details

Researcher(s) John Blake (DAFWA)
Jeremy Lemon (DAFWA)
Year(s) 2014 - 2015
Contributor Stirlings to Coast Farmers
Trial location(s) Site 1, Darkan, WA
Gnowellen, WA
Kenmare, WA
Site 1, Lake Grace, WA
Site 4, Nyabing, WA
Rotation renewal, profitable legume phase options locations
Aims

To demonstrate establishment, management and viability of legume phase options in cropping rotations with appropriate agronomic management packages.

Key messages

This project is providing a focus on pasture species, inoculation, weed control and overall management together with the crop nitrogen benefits and crop responses. This project is a large-plot Development and Extension project, part of a much broader effort of many industry participants in developing new pasture systems in crop rotations.

Lead research organisation Stirlings to Coast Farmers
Host research organisation Stirlings to Coast Farmers
Trial funding source GRDC SCF00003
Related program Regional Cropping Solutions Network
Acknowledgments

Many people have been involved with this project which would not have been possible without their dedication and persistence. Grower group staff, John Blake, Kayla Ringrose, Janelle Smith, and Fiona Hobley. Host Farmers, Jeff and Kate Stoney, Evan Hall and Bindi Murray, Scott Ewen, Royce and Anna Taylor, Brayden and Kate Johnston.


Other trial partners Farmers Jeff and Kate Stoney
Download the trial report to view additional trial information

Method

Crop types Oats
Clover
Serradella
Mixed species
Treatment type(s)
  • Crop: Type
  • Inoculant: Application
Trial type
Trial design

Darkan 2014 Oats

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Darkan 2014 Clover

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Darkan 2014 Serradella

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Darkan 2014 Mixed species

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Darkan 2015 Oats

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Darkan 2015 Clover

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Darkan 2015 Serradella

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Darkan 2015 Mixed species

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Gnowellen 2014 Oats

Sow rate or Target density Bladder clover @ 9kg/ha, Saia oats @ 60kg/ha, Margurita serradella at 9kg/ha, Santorini yellow serra
Sow date 25 April 2014 25 April 2014
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size 15m x 200m
Plot replication 2
Fertiliser

80kg/ha TEK Phos. 4:1 (N:P:K:S, 0:7.2:9.9:8.1 plus trace elements)

Herbicide

25g/ha Broadstrike plus 55g/ha Diuron granules and wetter applied post emergent (12 June). Select for grass control applied 10 July

Seed treatment

Inoculation at sowing with Alosca granules at 10kg/ha sown with seed

Other trial notes Not specified

Gnowellen 2014 Clover

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Gnowellen 2014 Mixed species

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Gnowellen 2014 Serradella

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Gnowellen 2015 Oats

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Gnowellen 2015 Clover

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Gnowellen 2015 Mixed species

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Gnowellen 2015 Serradella

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Kenmare 2014 Oats

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Kenmare 2014 Clover

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Kenmare 2014 Serradella

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Kenmare 2014 Mixed species

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Kenmare 2015 Oats

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Kenmare 2015 Clover

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Kenmare 2015 Serradella

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Kenmare 2015 Mixed species

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Lake Grace 2014 Oats

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Lake Grace 2014 Clover

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Lake Grace 2014 Serradella

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Lake Grace 2014 Mixed species

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Lake Grace 2015 Oats

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Lake Grace 2015 Clover

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Lake Grace 2015 Serradella

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Lake Grace 2015 Mixed species

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified

Nyabing 2014 Oats

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes

Sowing unit used was a DBS 12m bar.

Nyabing 2014 Clover

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes

Sowing unit used was a DBS 12m bar.

Nyabing 2014 Serradella

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes

Sowing unit used was a DBS 12m bar.

Nyabing 2014 Mixed species

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes

Sowing unit used was a DBS 12m bar.

Nyabing 2015 Oats

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes

Sowing unit used was a DBS 12m bar.

Nyabing 2015 Clover

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes

Sowing unit used was a DBS 12m bar.

Nyabing 2015 Serradella

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes

Sowing unit used was a DBS 12m bar.

Nyabing 2015 Mixed species

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Seed treatment Not specified
Other trial notes

Sowing unit used was a DBS 12m bar.

Download the trial report to view additional method/treatment information

Download results

Trial results Gnowellen

# Treatment 1
Establishment plants (plants/m2) Dry matter (kg/ha) Weed yield (kg/ha) Clover (plants/m2) Pod yield (kg/ha)
1 Volunteer pasture year 1; nil N in year 2 0 95 775 10 28
2 Volunteer pasture year 1; 0.5 N in year 2 0 50 770 23 20
3 Volunteer pasture year 1; 1.0 N in year 2 0 100 790 14 25
4 Volunteer pasture year 1; 2.0 N in year 2 0 60 840 19 15
5 Bladder clover 85 405 670 6 98
6 Saia oats 134 1365 455 10 0
7 Margurita serradella 97 515 525 12 648
8 Santorini serradella, gland clover 285 415 595 4 93
9 Santorini serradella, gland clover 116 480 460 12 113
10 Casbah biserrula 223 260 1005 7 23

Clover plants/m2


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Dry matter kg/ha


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Establishment plants plants/m2


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Pod yield kg/ha


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Weed yield kg/ha


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Trial results Kenmare

# Treatment 1
Establishment plants (plants/m2) Dry matter (kg/ha) Weed yield (kg/ha) Clover (plants/m2) Pod yield (kg/ha)
1 Bladder clover 236 1031 775 179 3.75
2 Cadiz French serradella 178 934 770 191 3.46
3 Kojonup oats 146 909 790 359 1.26
4 Marguriata French serradella 225 1081 840 178 3.24
5 Santorini yellow serradella 70 991 670 228 4.69
6 Rasina vetch 127 1119 455 159 3.37
7 Urana sub-clover 130 1091 525 185 3.74
8 Volunteer pasture 0 933 595 218 1.45
9 Santorini serradella, gland clover 116 480 460 12 113
10 Casbah biserrula 223 260 1005 7 23

Clover plants/m2


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Dry matter kg/ha


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Establishment plants plants/m2


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Pod yield kg/ha


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Weed yield kg/ha


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Trial results Darkan

# Treatment 1
Establishment plants (plants/m2) Dry matter (kg/ha) Clover (plants/m2) Pod yield (kg/ha)
1 Oats 1 117 146 28
2 Rasina vetch 1 75 93 20
3 Margurita serradella 1 29 72 25
4 Blaza crimson clover 3 10 61 15
5 Prima gland clover 1 59 60 98
6 Dalkeith sub-clover 1 46 55 0
7 Volunteer pasture 23 27 58 648

Clover plants/m2


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Dry matter kg/ha


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Establishment plants plants/m2


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Pod yield kg/ha


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Trial results Lake Grace

# Treatment 1
Clover (plants/m2) Dry matter (kg/ha)
1 Izmur sub-clover 1209 29
2 Dalkeith sub-clover 1619 27
3 Control/fallow 924 13
4 Margurita serradella 816 22
5 Bartolo bladder clover 49 11
6 Cadiz serradella 1033 30
7 Farmer mix 726 18
8 Angel medic 590 14
9 Casbah biserrula 1377 43

Clover plants/m2


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Dry matter kg/ha


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Observed trial site soil information
Trial site soil testing
Not specified
Soil conditions
Trial site Soil texture
Site 1, Darkan, WA Not specified
Gnowellen, WA Gravelly sand
Kenmare, WA Not specified
Site 1, Lake Grace, WA Not specified
Site 4, Nyabing, WA Not specified
Derived trial site soil information
Australian Soil Classification Source: ASRIS
Trial site Soil order
Site 1, Darkan, WA Sodosol
Gnowellen, WA Sodosol
Kenmare, WA Sodosol
Site 1, Lake Grace, WA Sodosol
Site 4, Nyabing, WA Sodosol
Soil Moisture Source: BOM/ANU
Average amount of water stored in the soil profile during the year, estimated by the OzWALD model-data fusion system.
Year Site 1, Darkan WA Gnowellen WA Kenmare WA Site 1, Lake Grace WA Site 4, Nyabing WA
2015 262.9mm382.2mm418.4mm507.4mm504.3mm
2014 308.8mm345.0mm466.9mm505.2mm509.4mm
2013 352.8mm376.4mm492.5mm501.7mm512.6mm
2012 329.4mm397.3mm502.2mm501.3mm517.8mm
2011 313.5mm358.7mm489.3mm493.3mm517.3mm
2010 263.1mm318.4mm423.2mm475.3mm492.6mm
2009 315.4mm374.9mm452.8mm488.6mm506.7mm
2008 303.5mm349.9mm420.6mm505.6mm516.8mm
2007 281.8mm276.8mm412.4mm485.7mm495.8mm
2006 244.7mm320.0mm419.9mm509.8mm502.7mm
2005 320.3mm377.5mm463.4mm503.9mm518.5mm
2004 313.3mm326.4mm447.7mm500.7mm508.1mm
2003 274.7mm365.0mm418.0mm506.6mm515.4mm
2002 232.0mm352.0mm425.4mm486.0mm503.2mm
2001 240.0mm298.0mm404.3mm482.0mm486.0mm
2000 348.8mm334.2mm473.2mm498.3mm506.6mm
National soil grid Source: CSIRO/TERN
NOTE: National Soil Grid data is aggregated information for background information on the wider area
Actual soil values can vary significantly in a small area and the trial soil tests are the most relevant data where available

Soil properties

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Climate

Derived climate information

No observed climate data available for this trial.
Derived climate data is determined from trial site location and national weather sources.

Site 1, Darkan WA

Gnowellen WA

Kenmare WA

Site 1, Lake Grace WA

Site 4, Nyabing WA

Site 1, Darkan WA

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Gnowellen WA

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Kenmare WA

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Site 1, Lake Grace WA

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Site 4, Nyabing WA

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Some data on this site is sourced from the Bureau of Meteorology

SILO weather estimates sourced from https://www.longpaddock.qld.gov.au/silo/
Jeffrey, S.J., Carter, J.O., Moodie, K.B. and Beswick, A.R. (2001). Using spatial interpolation to construct a comprehensive archive of Australian climate data , Environmental Modelling and Software, Vol 16/4, pp 309-330. DOI: 10.1016/S1364-8152(01)00008-1.



Trial last modified: 11-12-2019 14:36pm AEST