Lentils - sowing time and plant density, HRZ Wagga Wagga

CC BY 4.0

Research organisatons
Funding sources

Trial details

Researcher(s) Eric Armstrong (SARDI)
Jason Brand (DEDJTR)
Jenny Davidson (DEDJTR)
Sarah Day (DEDJTR)
Jon Evans (NSW DPI)
Luke Gaynor (SARDI)
Larn McMurray (SARDI)
Karl Moore (SARDI)
Amanda Pearce (DEDJTR)
Russell Pumpa (SARDI)
Mark Richards (SARDI)
Keisha Savage (DEDJTR)
Christine Walela (DEDJTR)
Andrew Ware (DEDJTR)
Year(s) 2015
Contributor Southern Pulse Agronomy
Trial location(s) Wagga Wagga, NSW
Lentils - sowing time and plant density, HRZ Wagga Wagga locations
  1. To establish agronomic guidelines for lentil time of sowing and seeding rate for current commercial lentil varieties alongside promising advanced breeding lines on an acidic, red-brown earth at Wagga Wagga, NSW. This information will be used to confirm and update current agronomic recommendations for lentil in this region.
  2. To determine if optimum plant density and sowing time remains constant across varieties in this environment.
Key messages
  • PBA Ace and PBA Jumbo2 performed very well across a range of agronomic characters, compared to the other varieties tested in this experiment.
  • Sowing time was a critical management factor in the 2015 season.
  • Sow lentil early to late May in the eastern cropping region of southern NSW.
  • Target establishment densities of 120 plants m2 in this environment.
Lead research organisation Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources VIC
Host research organisation N/A
Trial funding source DEDJTRVic
Trial funding source SARDI
Trial funding source GRDC DAV00113
Related program Southern Pulse Agronomy

We sincerely want to thank and acknowledge all co-operators with whom we have worked with throughout the season, who have graciously allowed us to conducted trials on their land.

Technical support: 

  • Jason Ellifson Technical Officer, DEDJTR Horsham
  • Keisha Savage Technical Assistant, DEDJTR Horsham
  • Russel Argall Technical Officer, DEDJTR Horsham
  • Mick Brady Technical Officer, DEDJTR Mildura
  • Chris Davies Technical Assitant, DEDJTR Mildura
  • Henk Venter Technical Officer, Clare, SA
  • Cathy Fisher Technical Officer, Clare, SA
  • Lee Davis Technical Officer, Clare, SA
  • John Nairn Technical Officer, Clare, SA
  • Leigh Davis Technical Officer, Minnipa Ag Centre, SA

Other trial partners Pulse Breeding Australia, The University of Adelaide, Pulse Australia, Southern Farming Systems
Download the trial report to view additional trial information


Crop type Lentils
Treatment type(s)
  • Sowing
  • Sowing: Rate
  • Sowing: Timing
  • Variety: Type
Trial type Experimental
Trial design Randomised,Replicated,Blocked

Wagga Wagga 2015

Sow rate or Target density 120 plants/m2
Sowing machinery

Direct-drilled using a six row cone seeder with 300mm row spacings and GPS auto-steer. 30cm row spacing

Sow date 1 May 2015
Harvest date 1 November 2015 Time of sowing 1 on 9 November 2015
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified

80 kg/ha grain legume super (N:P:K:S 0:13.8:0:6.1) placed 30–40 mm below the seed


Commercial practices used with aim of weed-free trials, eliminating both weed competition and weed seed set.
Fallow weed control: 2 L/ha glyphosate (450 g/L) and 1 L/ha 2,4-D LV ester (680 g/L)
Incorporated by sowing: 2 L/ha glyphosate (450 g/L), 2 L/ha Stomp (440 g/L pendimethalin),
2 L/ha Avadex (400 g/L tri-allate) and 1 kg/ha Terbyne® (750 g/kg terbuthylazine)
Post sowing: 330 ml/ha Select (240 g/L clethodim), 100 ml/ha Verdict (520 g/L haloxyfop) and 500 ml/100 L Uptake spraying oil


Targeting Helicoverpa sp.: 400 ml/ha Fastac Duo (100 g/L alpha-cypermethrin) at late pod fill

Inoculant Group F peat inoculant was mixed directly into an on board 100L water tank then pumped though micro-tubes into each sowing furrow
Download the trial report to view additional method/treatment information

Download results

Trial results Table 1

@T1: Time of sowing 1 (01-05-2015) @T2: Time of sowing 2 (10-06-2015)
# Variety
Average plant height (cm) Average plant height (cm)
1 PBA Jumbo 2 40 20
1 PBA Jumbo 2 36 26
2 PBA Ace 33 18
2 PBA Ace 32 20
3 CIPAL1422 25 20
3 CIPAL1422 24 14
4 PBA Bolt
4 PBA Bolt
5 PBA Hurricane XT
5 PBA Hurricane XT
6 Nipper
6 Nipper

Average plant height cm

Observed trial site soil information
Trial site soil testing
Not specified
Soil conditions
Trial site Soil texture
Wagga Wagga, NSW Red sandy loam
Derived trial site soil information
Australian Soil Classification Source: ASRIS
Trial site Soil order
Wagga Wagga, NSW Kandosol
Soil Moisture Source: BOM/ANU
Average amount of water stored in the soil profile during the year, estimated by the OzWALD model-data fusion system.
Year Wagga Wagga NSW
2015 582.0mm
2014 544.9mm
2013 539.6mm
2012 584.2mm
2011 598.4mm
2010 615.1mm
2009 547.6mm
2008 555.6mm
2007 504.5mm
2006 527.0mm
2005 574.3mm
2004 545.4mm
2003 523.7mm
2002 544.2mm
2001 559.1mm
2000 499.5mm
National soil grid Source: CSIRO/TERN
NOTE: National Soil Grid data is aggregated information for background information on the wider area
Actual soil values can vary significantly in a small area and the trial soil tests are the most relevant data where available

Soil properties



Derived climate information

No observed climate data available for this trial.
Derived climate data is determined from trial site location and national weather sources.

Wagga Wagga NSW


Some data on this site is sourced from the Bureau of Meteorology

SILO weather estimates sourced from https://www.longpaddock.qld.gov.au/silo/
Jeffrey, S.J., Carter, J.O., Moodie, K.B. and Beswick, A.R. (2001). Using spatial interpolation to construct a comprehensive archive of Australian climate data , Environmental Modelling and Software, Vol 16/4, pp 309-330. DOI: 10.1016/S1364-8152(01)00008-1.

Trial last modified: 24-07-2019 12:07pm AEST