Brome grass management. Part I: selecting the right rotation and herbicide

2016
CC BY 4.0

Research organisatons
Funding source

Trial details

Researcher(s) Sam Kleemann, Chris Preston and Gurjeet Gill (University of Adelaide)
Year(s) 2016
Contributor Hart Field Site Group
Trial location(s) , SA
Brome grass management. Part I: selecting the right rotation and herbicide locations
Aims

To investigate selection of the right rotation and herbicide strategy for brome grass management.

Key messages
  • The ecology of brome grass has changed, making it more problematic to control in crops. Higher levels of seed dormancy are allowing brome to escape pre-sowing control tactics, resulting in greater in-crop emergence.
  • Increased seed dormancy associated with a requirement for cold or chilling. Under field conditions this increased chilling requirement would not be met until late Autumn or early Winter.
  • Knockdown herbicides are less effective in the management of highly dormant populations of brome. Therefore, brome grass management has become heavily reliant on Group A and B herbicides, especially the Clearfield(TM) technology, which is expected to increase the risk of herbicide resistance development.
  • High levels of seedbank persistence from one year to the next (approximately 25%) means multiyear control of brome grass is required to exhaust seedbanks to manageable levels. Plan a three-year rotation.
Lead research organisation School of Agriculture, Food and Wine - The University of Adelaide
Host research organisation N/A
Trial funding source GRDC
Related program N/A
Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge GRDC for providing project funding (UA00060, UA00149 and UCS00020). We also thank each of the growers who participated in the paddock surveys and the host farmer at Balaklava. 


Other trial partners Not specified
Download the trial report to view additional trial information

Method

Crop types Barley
Wheat
Canola
Lupins
Treatment type(s)
  • Herbicide
  • Herbicide: Type
Trial type
Trial design

2016 Barley

Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Other trial notes

While all due care has been taken in compiling the information within this manual the Hart Field-Site Group Inc or researchers involved take no liability resulting from the interpretation or use of these results. We do not endorse or recommend th

2016 Wheat

Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Other trial notes

While all due care has been taken in compiling the information within this manual the Hart Field-Site Group Inc or researchers involved take no liability resulting from the interpretation or use of these results. We do not endorse or recommend th

2016 Canola

Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Other trial notes

While all due care has been taken in compiling the information within this manual the Hart Field-Site Group Inc or researchers involved take no liability resulting from the interpretation or use of these results. We do not endorse or recommend th

2016 Lupins

Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size 5.8m x 15m
Plot replication Not specified
Other trial notes

While all due care has been taken in compiling the information within this manual the Hart Field-Site Group Inc or researchers involved take no liability resulting from the interpretation or use of these results. We do not endorse or recommend th

Download the trial report to view additional method/treatment information
Trial source data and summary not available
Check the trial report PDF for trial results.
Observed trial site soil information
Trial site soil testing
Not specified
Soil conditions
Trial site Soil texture
, SA Not specified
Derived trial site soil information
Australian Soil Classification Source: ASRIS
Trial site Soil order
, SA Calcarosol
Soil Moisture Source: BOM/ANU
Average amount of water stored in the soil profile during the year, estimated by the OzWALD model-data fusion system.
Year SA
2016 510.2mm
2015 474.9mm
2014 522.8mm
2013 498.7mm
2012 515.7mm
2011 550.9mm
2010 530.9mm
2009 480.7mm
2008 458.0mm
2007 494.4mm
2006 509.2mm
2005 508.3mm
2004 480.4mm
2003 501.8mm
2002 481.7mm
2001 496.5mm
2000 479.4mm
National soil grid Source: CSIRO/TERN
NOTE: National Soil Grid data is aggregated information for background information on the wider area
Actual soil values can vary significantly in a small area and the trial soil tests are the most relevant data where available

Soil properties

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Climate

Derived climate information

No observed climate data available for this trial.
Derived climate data is determined from trial site location and national weather sources.

SA

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Some data on this site is sourced from the Bureau of Meteorology

SILO weather estimates sourced from https://www.longpaddock.qld.gov.au/silo/
Jeffrey, S.J., Carter, J.O., Moodie, K.B. and Beswick, A.R. (2001). Using spatial interpolation to construct a comprehensive archive of Australian climate data , Environmental Modelling and Software, Vol 16/4, pp 309-330. DOI: 10.1016/S1364-8152(01)00008-1.



Trial last modified: 09-12-2019 09:54am AEST