Chickpea plant density + sowing time + row space, Paskeville, Yorke Peninsula, SA

CC BY 4.0

Research organisatons
Funding sources

Trial details

Researcher(s) Jason Brand (DPIVic)
Luke Gaynor (IINSW)
Larn McMurray (SARDI)
Year(s) 2009
Contributor Southern Pulse Agronomy
Trial location(s) Paskeville, SA
Chickpea plant density + sowing time + row space, Paskeville, Yorke Peninsula, SA locations

To maximise production advantages of new kabuli and desi chickpea varieties through the identification of optimum sowing dates and plant densities.

Key messages
  • Pod set in chickpeas was suppressed by the cool September and October in 2009. Dry spring conditions further suppressed grain yields and grain weights of late sown chickpea crops by terminating seed fill prematurely.
  • The dry season favoured early sowing, and generally favoured the early maturing Genesis079. The desi’s Genesis509 and new release PBASlasher generally performed similarly, although PBASlasher has higher long term yields and improved seed quality over Genesis509 in NVT trials.
  • Earlier sown chickpeas yielded higher than those sown later. However, when sowing was delayed, yield was maximised in some varieties by increasing the seeding rate above recommended, similarly to 2008. However current chickpea densities of 35 plants/m2 for kabuli’s (small and large) and 50 plants/m2 for desi’s remain best-practice when sown early.
  • Higher grain weights in chickpeas were achieved in 2009 by sowing early, particularly in larger seeded kabuli’s. However this finding was opposite to that found in the past where later sowing dates have led to larger grain weights. Increasing plant density from current recommendations did not influence yield, but reducing density to 20 plants/m2 did show a reduction in grain weight.
Lead research organisation Department of Primary Industries VIC
Host research organisation N/A
Trial funding source GRDC
Trial funding source DPIVic
Trial funding source SARDI
Trial funding source DPI NSW
Related program Southern Pulse Agronomy

Key contributors:
The authors wish to thank the contributions of the following people to this project:

  • Russel Argall, Jason Ellifson and Justine Ellis, DPI – Horsham
  • Jenny Davidson, SARDI
  • Peter Matthews and Eric Armstrong, II NSW

The authors wish to acknowledge the support and assistance of the following people:

  • Michael Materne, Kristy Hobson and Tony Leonforte, PBA, DPI – Horsham.
  • Jeff Paull, PBA, Uni of Adelaide.
  • Ian Menz, II NSW

The assistance of Mark Bennie, John Nairn, Peter Maynard and Rowan Steele, SARDI Clare, with
trial management is gratefully acknowledged.

Other trial partners SARDI, The University of Adelaide, DPI NSW
Download the trial report to view additional trial information


Crop type Chickpeas
Treatment type(s)
  • Sowing
  • Sowing: Rate
  • Sowing: Row spacing
  • Variety
  • Variety: Type
Trial type Experimental
Trial design Randomised,Replicated,Blocked

Paskeville 2009

Sow rate or Target density 20, 35, 50 and 70 plants/m2
Sow date 7 May 2009
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified

MAP + Zn @ 90kg/ha at sowing

Download the trial report to view additional method/treatment information
Trial source data and summary not available
Check the trial report PDF for trial results.
Observed trial site soil information
Trial site soil testing
Not specified
Soil conditions
Trial site Soil texture
Paskeville, SA Not specified
Derived trial site soil information
Australian Soil Classification Source: ASRIS
Trial site Soil order
Paskeville, SA Calcarosol
Soil Moisture Source: BOM/ANU
Average amount of water stored in the soil profile during the year, estimated by the OzWALD model-data fusion system.
Year Paskeville SA
2009 424.8mm
2008 424.3mm
2007 479.3mm
2006 497.5mm
2005 474.6mm
2004 442.8mm
2003 487.1mm
2002 468.8mm
2001 500.6mm
2000 499.0mm
National soil grid Source: CSIRO/TERN
NOTE: National Soil Grid data is aggregated information for background information on the wider area
Actual soil values can vary significantly in a small area and the trial soil tests are the most relevant data where available

Soil properties



Derived climate information

No observed climate data available for this trial.
Derived climate data is determined from trial site location and national weather sources.

Paskeville SA


Some data on this site is sourced from the Bureau of Meteorology

SILO weather estimates sourced from
Jeffrey, S.J., Carter, J.O., Moodie, K.B. and Beswick, A.R. (2001). Using spatial interpolation to construct a comprehensive archive of Australian climate data , Environmental Modelling and Software, Vol 16/4, pp 309-330. DOI: 10.1016/S1364-8152(01)00008-1.

Trial last modified: 14-06-2018 10:46am AEST