Weed competition in chickpeas

2009
CC BY 4.0

Research organisatons
Funding sources

Trial details

Researcher(s) Jason Brand (DPIVic)
Luke Gaynor (IINSW)
Larn McMurray (SARDI)
Year(s) 2009
Contributor Southern Pulse Agronomy
Trial location(s) Hart, SA
Turretfield, SA
Weed competition in chickpeas locations
Aims

To determine whether varietal differences in chickpea plant architecture affect their competitiveness with ryegrass.

Key messages
  • Although chickpea yields were higher than previous years, the rapid finish to the season
    favoured earlier flowering and maturing varieties such as GenesisTM079 and Sonali.
  • Ryegrass competition at 31 and 86 plants/m2 reduced chickpea grain yield by 31% and 56%, respectively. Similarly, at Turretfield ryegrass at 41 plants/m2 corresponded to 33% yield loss, and 62% at 123 plants/m2.
  • Similarities between moisture stresses caused by lack of finishing rainfall in 2009 and from
    competition with ryegrass meant that the same varieties yielded well with or without  ryegrass competition eg GenesisTM079.
  • Breeder’s line “Chickpea 4” recorded the lowest yield loss from ryegrass competition at both
    sites (9% at the low ryegrass density at Hart), and also displayed 35% better tiller suppression than other varieties at Hart.
  • Early vigour appeared an important trait in chickpea for improved competivness with ryegrass, plant height was a disadvantage, but further work is required on a larger set of
    phenotypes and in a more favourable growing season.
  • Some ambiguous results in 2009 (eg PBA Slasher and Chickpea 2) may be due to the
    unfavourable seasonal conditions for chickpea production which prevailed in SA last year.
    However they do indicate the need for more work in a more favourable growing season, and
    potentially on a larger set of phenotypes.
Lead research organisation Department of Primary Industries VIC
Host research organisation N/A
Trial funding source GRDC
Trial funding source DPIVic
Trial funding source SARDI
Trial funding source DPI NSW
Related program Southern Pulse Agronomy
Acknowledgments

Key contributors:
The authors wish to thank the contributions of the following people to this project:

  • Russel Argall, Jason Ellifson and Justine Ellis, DPI – Horsham
  • Jenny Davidson, SARDI
  • Peter Matthews and Eric Armstrong, II NSW


Acknowledgements:
The authors wish to acknowledge the support and assistance of the following people:

  • Michael Materne, Kristy Hobson and Tony Leonforte, PBA, DPI – Horsham.
  • Jeff Paull, PBA, Uni of Adelaide.
  • Ian Menz, II NSW

The assistance of Mark Bennie, John Nairn, Peter Maynard and Rowan Steele, SARDI Clare, with
trial management is gratefully acknowledged.


Other trial partners SARDI, The University of Adelaide, DPI NSW
Download the trial report to view additional trial information

Method

Crop type Chickpeas
Treatment type(s)
  • Variety
  • Variety: Type
Trial type
Trial design

Hart 2009

Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Other trial notes

Some of the pesticide treatments in this research contain unregistered fungicides, application rates and timings and were undertaken for experimental purposes only. The results within this document do not constitute a recommendation for that part

Turretfield 2009

Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Other trial notes Not specified
Download the trial report to view additional method/treatment information
Trial source data and summary not available
Check the trial report PDF for trial results.
Observed trial site soil information
Trial site soil testing
Not specified
Soil conditions
Trial site Soil texture
Hart, SA Not specified
Turretfield, SA Not specified
Derived trial site soil information
Australian Soil Classification Source: ASRIS
Trial site Soil order
Hart, SA Chromosol
Turretfield, SA Chromosol
Soil Moisture Source: BOM/ANU
Average amount of water stored in the soil profile during the year, estimated by the OzWALD model-data fusion system.
Year Hart SA Turretfield SA
2009 580.2mm
2008 544.3mm
2007 603.8mm
2006 602.7mm
2005 632.8mm
2004 587.3mm
2003 613.0mm
2002 596.9mm
2001 639.9mm
2000 596.9mm
National soil grid Source: CSIRO/TERN
NOTE: National Soil Grid data is aggregated information for background information on the wider area
Actual soil values can vary significantly in a small area and the trial soil tests are the most relevant data where available

Soil properties

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Climate

Derived climate information

No observed climate data available for this trial.
Derived climate data is determined from trial site location and national weather sources.

Hart SA

Turretfield SA

Hart SA

NOTE: Exact trial site locality unknown - Climate data may not be accurate
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Turretfield SA

NOTE: Exact trial site locality unknown - Climate data may not be accurate
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Some data on this site is sourced from the Bureau of Meteorology

SILO weather estimates sourced from https://www.longpaddock.qld.gov.au/silo/
Jeffrey, S.J., Carter, J.O., Moodie, K.B. and Beswick, A.R. (2001). Using spatial interpolation to construct a comprehensive archive of Australian climate data , Environmental Modelling and Software, Vol 16/4, pp 309-330. DOI: 10.1016/S1364-8152(01)00008-1.



Trial last modified: 06-08-2019 07:54am AEST