Gurjeet Gill and Ben Fleet
|Contact phone||08 83137744|
|Contributor||School of Agriculture, Food and Wine - The University of Adelaide|
Frances, SA, SA
This field trial at Frances was undertaken to investigate factorial combinations of sowing time, seed rate and herbicides on the management of annual ryegrass in barley.
A field trial was undertaken at Frances in 2019 to investigate combinations of barley sowing time, seed rate and herbicide treatments to control annual ryegrass. The average seedbank of annual ryegrass (ARG) at the site was quite low (472 ± 143 seeds/m2), which was reflected in low plant density at the site. ARG plant density was significantly influenced by the time of sowing (P=0.037), and herbicide treatment (P=0.009). There was a 37% reduction in ARG plant density between TOS 1 (20 plants/m2) and TOS 2 (13 plants/m2). Herbicide treatment had a significant effect on ARG plant density, with Boxer Gold showing lower efficacy on ARG than Treflan and Boxer Gold + Treflan. Unlike ARG plant density, ARG spike density was not influenced by time of sowing (P=0.171). ARG spike density was significantly influenced by barley seed rate (P=0.016), herbicide treatment (P=0.01) and the interaction between TOS and herbicide treatment (P=0.019). ARG spike density was 34% and 40% lower in medium and high seed rates respectively when compared to the low seed rate. These results suggest an improvement in ARG suppression from increasing barley competiveness with increased seed rate. Barley grain yield at the site averaged 6.6 t/ha. Herbicide treatment had a small (4-6%), but significant effect (P=0.009) on grain yield with Boxer Gold < Treflan ≤ Boxer Gold + Treflan for barley yield.
|Lead research organisation||
University of Adelaide
|Host research organisation||
MacKillop Farm Management Group
|Trial funding source||GRDC 9175134|
We thank GRDC for providing funds for this research project and SARDI Struan for managing the trial site.
|Other trial partners||SARDI, Struan|
|Sow date||Not specified|
|Harvest date||Not specified|
|Plot size||Not specified|
|Plot replication||Not specified|
SILO weather estimates sourced from https://www.longpaddock.qld.gov.au/silo/
Jeffrey, S.J., Carter, J.O., Moodie, K.B. and Beswick, A.R. (2001). Using spatial interpolation to construct a comprehensive archive of Australian climate data , Environmental Modelling and Software, Vol 16/4, pp 309-330. DOI: 10.1016/S1364-8152(01)00008-1.