Heliotrope and its relationship with farming systems in the Victorian Mallee


Research organisaton
Funding source

Trial details

Researcher(s) James Hunt (UoM)
Year(s) 2002
Contributor Birchip Cropping Group
Trial location(s) Site 3, Birchip, VIC
Heliotrope and its relationship with farming systems in the Victorian Mallee locations

To discuss common heliotrope on Victorian farms

Key messages

Common heliotrope (Heliotropium europaeum L.) is an opportunistic annual weed that grows in ‘disturbed’ areas (i.e. areas of bare or sparsely vegetated soil) following summer rain in regions with a Mediterranean climate (hot dry summers, cool wet winters). In its natural habitat, which includes most of the rim of the Mediterranean Sea, farming practices result in there being few disturbed areas during summer, hence common heliotrope is not such a problem. However, in the dry-land cropping belt of southern Australia, the wholesale clearing of native vegetation and the endemic broad acre agricultural practices leave vast areas of fallow, hayed-off pasture and sparse stubble over summer; all of which are ecologically speaking ‘disturbed’, and hence fantastic habitat for common heliotrope.

Lead research organisation N/A
Host research organisation N/A
Trial funding source GRDC
Related program N/A

Thanks to the McClellands for the use of there land in the collection of these data. This project is funded by the GRDC and is supervised by Professor Roger Cousens, Dr Sue Knights and Michael Moerkerk. 

Other trial partners Not specified
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Crop type No crop specified
Treatment type(s)
  • No treatment
Trial type Article/commentary
Trial design Unreplicated

Birchip 2002

Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Download the trial report to view additional method/treatment information
Trial source data and summary not available
Check the trial report PDF for trial results.
Observed trial site soil information
Trial site soil testing
Not specified
Soil conditions
Trial site Soil texture
Site 3, Birchip, VIC Not specified
Derived trial site soil information
Australian Soil Classification Source
Trial site Soil order
Site 3, Birchip, VIC Vertosol
National soil grid Source
NOTE: National Soil Grid data is aggregated information for background information on the wider area
Actual soil values can vary significantly in a small area and the trial soil tests are the most relevant data where available

Soil properties



Derived climate information

No observed climate data available for this trial.
Derived climate data is determined from trial site location and national weather sources.

Site 3, Birchip VIC

CAUTION: Trial site locality unknown; Climate data sourced from Birchip Cropping Group office location

Some data on this site is sourced from the Bureau of Meteorology

SILO weather estimates sourced from https://www.longpaddock.qld.gov.au/silo/
Jeffrey, S.J., Carter, J.O., Moodie, K.B. and Beswick, A.R. (2001). Using spatial interpolation to construct a comprehensive archive of Australian climate data , Environmental Modelling and Software, Vol 16/4, pp 309-330. DOI: 10.1016/S1364-8152(01)00008-1.

Trial report and links

2002 trial report

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Trial last modified: 07-05-2019 20:56pm AEST