Burning temperatures of harvest windrows and standing stubbles in low rainfall farming systems


Research organisaton
Funding source

Trial details

Researcher(s) Amanda Cook (SARDI)
Year(s) 2017
Contributor SARDI Minnipa Agricultural Centre
Trial location(s) Minnipa Agricultural Centre, SA
Burning temperatures of harvest windrows and standing stubbles in low rainfall farming systems locations

To investigate the threshold temperatures to kill weed seeds, and the temperatures achieved when burning crop residues in various formats to faciliate weed seed control of problematic weeds in low rainfall cropping systems. 

Key messages
  • Cereal windrow burning achieved temperatures in excess of those required to achieve high levels of weed seed mortality, except in paddocks which had 11mm of rainfall the week before.'
  • The open paddock burn with a high stubble load had a quicker, faster burn but still achieved the necessary temperatures of 450 degrees Celsius for longer than 60 seconds.
Lead research organisation SARDI Minnipa Agricultural Centre
Host research organisation N/A
Trial funding source SAGIT S416
Related program N/A

Thank you to Ruth and Damien Sommerville, Matt Nottle, Barry Mudge, Hannah Mikajlo, Jake Hull, Wade Shepperd, Ian Richter, Rochelle Wheaton and Brett Hay for their involvement in data collection.

Other trial partners Upper North Farming Systems
Download the trial report to view additional trial information


Crop type None: No crop specified
Treatment type(s)
  • Stubble: Management
Trial type Experimental
Trial design Replicated

Minnipa Agricultural Centre 2017

Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Psuedoreplication Not specified
Download the trial report to view additional method/treatment information
Trial source data and summary not available
Check the trial report PDF for trial results.
Observed trial site soil information
Trial site soil testing
Not specified
Soil conditions
Trial site Soil texture
Minnipa Agricultural Centre, SA Not specified
Derived trial site soil information
Australian Soil Classification Source: ASRIS
Trial site Soil order
Minnipa Agricultural Centre, SA Calcarosol
Soil Moisture Source: BOM/ANU
Average amount of water stored in the soil profile during the year, estimated by the OzWALD model-data fusion system.
Year Minnipa Agricultural Centre SA
2017 364.0mm
2016 332.8mm
2015 297.6mm
2014 359.2mm
2013 293.9mm
2012 327.9mm
2011 370.8mm
2010 361.5mm
2009 368.6mm
2008 286.4mm
2007 291.5mm
2006 325.4mm
2005 292.1mm
2004 289.8mm
2003 302.0mm
2002 301.6mm
2001 343.8mm
2000 351.6mm
National soil grid Source: CSIRO/TERN
NOTE: National Soil Grid data is aggregated information for background information on the wider area
Actual soil values can vary significantly in a small area and the trial soil tests are the most relevant data where available

Soil properties



Derived climate information

No observed climate data available for this trial.
Derived climate data is determined from trial site location and national weather sources.

Minnipa Agricultural Centre SA


Some data on this site is sourced from the Bureau of Meteorology

SILO weather estimates sourced from https://www.longpaddock.qld.gov.au/silo/
Jeffrey, S.J., Carter, J.O., Moodie, K.B. and Beswick, A.R. (2001). Using spatial interpolation to construct a comprehensive archive of Australian climate data , Environmental Modelling and Software, Vol 16/4, pp 309-330. DOI: 10.1016/S1364-8152(01)00008-1.

Trial report and links

2017 trial report

Trial last modified: 03-09-2019 14:38pm AEST