Nutrition packages for wheat on sands - fertiliser placement

2017

Research organisaton
Funding sources

Trial details

Researcher(s) Mick Brady (MSF)
Bill Davoren (CSIRO Agriculture )
Vadakattu Gupta (CSIRO Agriculture )
Rick Llewellyn (CSIRO Agriculture )
Therese McBeath (CSIRO Agriculture )
Todd McDonald (CSIRO Agriculture )
Michael Moodie (CSIRO Agriculture )
Willie Shoobridge (CSIRO Agriculture )
Year(s) 2017
Contributor Mallee Sustainable Farming Inc.
Trial location(s) Karoonda, SA
Loxton, SA
Ouyen, VIC
Further information View external link
Nutrition packages for wheat on sands - fertiliser placement locations
Aims

To to establish if;

  • Supplying 50 kg DAP/ha with seed had a consistent yield penalty, and
  • If wheat yield could be improved by altering the placement of sowing fertiliser.
Key messages
  • Wheat fertilised with DAP placed with seed yielded 0.5 t/ha (20%) less than wheat with DAP placed below seed in 2017 at Loxton but had no effect at Karoonda.
  • Using 50 kg DAP/ha with the seed and 35 kg Urea/ha deep was better than 50 kg DAP/ha and 35 kg Urea/ha all below the seed on sand at Loxton.
Lead research organisation Mallee Sustainable Farming Inc.
Host research organisation N/A
Trial funding source GRDC MSF00003
Trial funding source MSF
Related program Maintaining profitable farming systems with retained stubble
Acknowledgments

We thank Loller Partners (Karoonda), Bulla Burra (Loxton) and the Hastings family (Ouyen) for hosting the field sites. Thanks to Jeff Braun and Lou Flohr for discussions around trial design. Thanks to Colin Rivers and Ros Baird for preparing granular Zn fertilisers. This research is funded by GRDC and CSIRO Agriculture and Food (project MSF00003).


Other trial partners Not specified
Download the trial report to view additional trial information

Method

Crop type Wheat
Treatment type(s)
  • Fertiliser: Method
Trial type
Trial design

Karoonda 2017

Sow rate or Target density Not specified
Sowing machinery Not specified
Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser Not specified
Herbicide Not specified
Other trial notes

Peer Review: Sean Mason (Agronomy Solutions), Sarah Noack (Hart Fieldsite), Jake Giles (SARDI)

Loxton 2017

Sow rate or Target density Scepter wheat at 70 kg/ha
Sowing machinery

Knife points and a dual shoot system on 28 cm row spacing

Sow date 24 May 2017
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size 2m x 20m
Plot replication 4
Fertiliser
  • All plots received a pre-sowing application equivalent to 33 kg/ha of potassium sulfate to supply K and S, and an in-crop foliar application of Zn, Cu and Mn.
  • Fertiliser placed below the seed was approximately 5cm below seeding depth (3 cm)
  • Fertiliser with seed

    Fertiliser below seed

    Nil

    50 kg DAP/ha

    Herbicide

    1.5 L/ha of trifluralin pre-sowing

    Other trial notes

    Peer Review: Sean Mason (Agronomy Solutions), Sarah Noack (Hart Fieldsite), Jake Giles (SARDI)

    Ouyen 2017

    Sow rate or Target density Not specified
    Sowing machinery Not specified
    Sow date Not specified
    Harvest date Not specified
    Plot size Not specified
    Plot replication Not specified
    Fertiliser Not specified
    Herbicide Not specified
    Other trial notes

    Peer Review: Sean Mason (Agronomy Solutions), Sarah Noack (Hart Fieldsite), Jake Giles (SARDI)

    Download the trial report to view additional method/treatment information

    Download results

    Trial results Loxton results

    # Treatment 1
    Treatment 2
    Protein (%) Establishment plants (plants/m2) Grain yield (t/ha)
    1 Nil with seed 50 kg DAP/ha deep 10.7 97 0.84
    2 50 kg DAP/ha with seed Nil deep 10.88 95 0.64
    3 50 kg DAP/ha with seed 35 kg Urea/ha deep 10.9 94 1.18
    4 Nil with seed 50 kg DAP/ha+35 kg Urea/ha deep 10.43 94 1.04

    Grain yield t/ha


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    Establishment plants plants/m2


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    Protein %


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    Trial results Karoonda results

    # Treatment 1
    Treatment 2
    Protein (%) Establishment plants (plants/m2) Grain yield (t/ha)
    1 Nil with seed 50 kg DAP/ha deep 10.7 97 0.84
    2 50 kg DAP/ha with seed Nil deep 10.88 95 0.64
    3 50 kg DAP/ha with seed 35 kg Urea/ha deep 10.9 94 1.18
    4 Nil with seed 50 kg DAP/ha+35 kg Urea/ha deep 10.43 94 1.04

    Grain yield t/ha


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    Establishment plants plants/m2


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    Protein %


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    Trial results Ouyen results

    # Treatment 1
    Treatment 2
    Grain yield (t/ha)
    1 ON Nil Sand Dune 0.31
    2 20 N Urea Sand Dune 0.88
    3 40 N Urea Sand Dune 1.09
    4 20 N MAP Sand Dune 0.8
    5 20 N Zn MAP Sand Dune 0.8
    6 20N Zn-coat Urea Sand Dune 1.01
    7 20N Zn-S-coat Urea Sand Dune 1.06
    8 20N Urea plus foliar Zn Sand Dune 0.74
    9 ON Nil Mid Slope 1.71
    10 20 N Urea Mid Slope 2.23
    11 40 N Urea Mid Slope 2.58
    12 20 N MAP Mid Slope 2.56
    13 20 N Zn MAP Mid Slope 2.2
    14 20N Zn-coat Urea Mid Slope 2.34
    15 20N Zn-S-coat Urea Mid Slope 2.46
    16 20N Urea plus foliar Zn Mid Slope 2.29

    Grain yield t/ha


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    Observed trial site soil information
    Trial site soil testing
    Site Depth Type pH EC P K N A OC CAT
    Loxton, SA 0 - 10cm Sand 8.65 0.08 17.00 160.00 29.00 0.31
    Soil conditions
    Trial site Soil texture
    Karoonda, SA Not specified
    Loxton, SA Not specified
    Ouyen, VIC Not specified
    Derived trial site soil information
    Australian Soil Classification Source: ASRIS
    Trial site Soil order
    Karoonda, SA Calcarosol
    Loxton, SA Calcarosol
    Ouyen, VIC Calcarosol
    Soil Moisture Source: BOM/ANU
    Average amount of water stored in the soil profile during the year, estimated by the OzWALD model-data fusion system.
    Year Karoonda SA Loxton SA Ouyen VIC
    2017 190.8mm184.8mm230.1mm
    2016 194.7mm159.5mm178.3mm
    2015 183.6mm140.2mm163.1mm
    2014 180.9mm179.2mm187.3mm
    2013 181.6mm155.2mm182.3mm
    2012 223.3mm197.1mm236.0mm
    2011 276.9mm246.3mm341.3mm
    2010 238.4mm207.4mm246.8mm
    2009 183.8mm144.7mm189.3mm
    2008 170.9mm145.0mm176.3mm
    2007 195.6mm142.3mm193.5mm
    2006 201.1mm153.6mm156.2mm
    2005 234.8mm181.7mm189.1mm
    2004 189.3mm139.8mm160.3mm
    2003 197.3mm123.5mm176.2mm
    2002 162.2mm124.0mm168.9mm
    2001 176.9mm169.9mm242.3mm
    2000 228.7mm175.5mm256.0mm
    National soil grid Source: CSIRO/TERN
    NOTE: National Soil Grid data is aggregated information for background information on the wider area
    Actual soil values can vary significantly in a small area and the trial soil tests are the most relevant data where available

    Soil properties

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    Climate

    Loxton SA 2017


    Observed climate information

    Rainfall avg ann (mm) 262mm
    Rainfall avg gsr (mm) 172mm
    Rainfall trial total (mm) 291mm
    Rainfall trial gsr (mm) 140mm

    Derived climate information

    Karoonda VIC

    Loxton VIC

    Ouyen VIC

    Karoonda VIC

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    Loxton VIC

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    Ouyen VIC

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    Some data on this site is sourced from the Bureau of Meteorology

    SILO weather estimates sourced from https://www.longpaddock.qld.gov.au/silo/
    Jeffrey, S.J., Carter, J.O., Moodie, K.B. and Beswick, A.R. (2001). Using spatial interpolation to construct a comprehensive archive of Australian climate data , Environmental Modelling and Software, Vol 16/4, pp 309-330. DOI: 10.1016/S1364-8152(01)00008-1.



    Trial last modified: 01-12-2020 14:59pm AEST