Canola Phenology

2018

Research organisaton
Funding source

Trial details

Researcher(s) Cameron Taylor (BCG)
Year(s) 2018
Contributor Birchip Cropping Group
Trial location(s) Site 3, Longerenong, VIC
Further information View external link
Canola Phenology locations
Aims

To determine the optimum management of canola plant type and phenology when sown earlier than traditional sowing time (25 April). To assess the response of canola varieties to high and low application rates of N on grain yield and grain quality.

Key messages

• Selecting mid-fast hybrid varieties with flexible phenology in the Wimmera is a good risk management option, which also has yield potential when seasonal conditions are favourable.
• Fast hybrids have performed well but avoid the temptation to plant these early if an early break eventuates.
• Selecting slow developing varieties comes with added risk of requiring a germinating rain in the first week of April or earlier.
• The best return on investment in nitrogen comes with application to hybrids that flower at the optimum time for the environment.

Lead research organisation Birchip Cropping Group
Host research organisation N/A
Trial funding source GRDC CSP00187
Related program Optimised Canola Profitability Project
Acknowledgments

This research was funded by the GRDC as part of the ‘Optimised Canola Profitability’ project (CSP00187) with project partners NSW Department of Primary Industries, CSIRO and SARDI.


Other trial partners Not specified
Download the trial report to view additional trial information

Method

Crop type Canola
Treatment type(s)
  • Fertiliser: Rate
  • Sowing: Timing
  • Variety: Type
Trial type Experimental
Trial design Randomised

Longerenong 2018

Sow rate or Target density 50 plants/m²
Sowing machinery

Knife points, press wheels, 30cm row spacing

Sow date 13 April 2018
Harvest date 14 March 2019
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Fertiliser

Granulock® Supreme Z + Impact® @ 90kg/ha at sowing
For in crop treatments refer to Table 1

Herbicide

Herbicide, insecticide and fungicide managed to best practice.

Insecticide

Herbicide, insecticide and fungicide managed to best practice.

Fungicide

Herbicide, insecticide and fungicide managed to best practice.

Download the trial report to view additional method/treatment information

Download results

Trial results Table 1

# Variety
Treatment 1
Treatment 2
Grain yield (t/ha)
1 Diamond TOS1 (13 April) Low N 1.04
2 ATR Stingray TOS1 (13 April) Low N 0.64
3 44Y90 CL TOS1 (13 April) Low N 0.89
4 ATR Bonito TOS1 (13 April) Low N 0.51
5 45Y91 CL TOS1 (13 April) Low N 0.76
6 45Y25 RR TOS1 (13 April) Low N 0.83
7 ATR Wahoo TOS1 (13 April) Low N 0.61
8 Archer TOS1 (13 April) Low N 0.92
9 Diamond TOS1 (13 April) High N 1.21
10 ATR Stingray TOS1 (13 April) High N 0.97
11 44Y90 CL TOS1 (13 April) High N 1.46
12 ATR Bonito TOS1 (13 April) High N 0.51
13 45Y91 CL TOS1 (13 April) High N 1.24
14 45Y25 RR TOS1 (13 April) High N 0.62
15 ATR Wahoo TOS1 (13 April) High N 0.27
16 Archer TOS1 (13 April) High N 0.68
17 Diamond TOS2 (8 May) Low N 0.96
18 ATR Stingray TOS2 (8 May) Low N 0.85
19 44Y90 CL TOS2 (8 May) Low N 0.91
20 ATR Bonito TOS2 (8 May) Low N 0.86
21 45Y91 CL TOS2 (8 May) Low N 0.83
22 45Y25 RR TOS2 (8 May) Low N 0.64
23 ATR Wahoo TOS2 (8 May) Low N 0.59
24 Archer TOS2 (8 May) Low N 0.69
25 Diamond TOS2 (8 May) High N 1.15
26 ATR Stingray TOS2 (8 May) High N 0.42
27 44Y90 CL TOS2 (8 May) High N 1.19
28 ATR Bonito TOS2 (8 May) High N 0.47
29 45Y91 CL TOS2 (8 May) High N 0.35
30 45Y25 RR TOS2 (8 May) High N 0.31
31 ATR Wahoo TOS2 (8 May) High N 0.16
32 Archer TOS2 (8 May) High N 0.55

Grain yield t/ha


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Trial results Table 2

# Variety
Treatment 1
Treatment 2
Oil (%)
1 Diamond TOS1 Low rate 40.9
2 ATR Stingray TOS1 Low rate 37.2
3 ATR Bonito TOS1 Low rate 40.7
4 44Y90 CL TOS1 Low rate 41
5 45Y91 CL TOS1 Low rate 40.2
6 45Y25 RR TOS1 Low rate 38.9
7 Archer TOS1 Low rate 38.3
8 ATR Wahoo TOS1 Low rate 40.1
9 Diamond TOS2 High rate 34.4
10 ATR Stingray TOS2 High rate 36.5
11 ATR Bonito TOS2 High rate 37.7
12 44Y90 CL TOS2 High rate 36.3
13 45Y91 CL TOS2 High rate 36.6
14 45Y25 RR TOS2 High rate 36.2
15 Archer TOS2 High rate 35.9
16 ATR Wahoo TOS2 High rate 34.5
17 Diamond TOS1 Low rate 38.9
18 ATR Stingray TOS1 Low rate 39.9
19 ATR Bonito TOS1 Low rate 41.2
20 44Y90 CL TOS1 Low rate 38.9
21 45Y91 CL TOS1 Low rate 39.7
22 45Y25 RR TOS1 Low rate 40.7
23 Archer TOS1 Low rate 38.6
24 ATR Wahoo TOS1 Low rate 38.6
25 Diamond TOS2 High rate 33.1
26 ATR Stingray TOS2 High rate 35.8
27 ATR Bonito TOS2 High rate 39
28 44Y90 CL TOS2 High rate 36.8
29 45Y91 CL TOS2 High rate 38.5
30 45Y25 RR TOS2 High rate 37.2
31 Archer TOS2 High rate 36.8
32 ATR Wahoo TOS2 High rate 33.5

Oil %


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Trial results Table 3

# Variety
Treatment 1
Treatment 2
Treatment 3
Treatment 4
Percentage of site mean (%)
1 Diamond Hybrid Fast 2017 (3.82) TOS 1 108
2 ATR Stingray Open pollinated Fast 2017 (3.82) TOS 1 92
3 44Y90 CL Hybrid Mid-fast 2017 (3.82) TOS 1 104
4 ATR Bonito Open pollinated Mid-fast 2017 (3.82) TOS 1 90
5 45Y25 RR Hybrid Mid-slow 2017 (3.82) TOS 1 108
6 ATR Wahoo Open pollinated Mid-slow 2017 (3.82) TOS 1 99
7 Archer Hybrid Slow 2017 (3.82) TOS 1 101
8 Diamond Hybrid Fast 2017 (3.82) TOS 2 106
9 ATR Stingray Open pollinated Fast 2017 (3.82) TOS 2 95
10 44Y90 CL Hybrid Mid-fast 2017 (3.82) TOS 2 107
11 ATR Bonito Open pollinated Mid-fast 2017 (3.82) TOS 2 91
12 45Y25 RR Hybrid Mid-slow 2017 (3.82) TOS 2 106
13 ATR Wahoo Open pollinated Mid-slow 2017 (3.82) TOS 2 91
14 Archer Hybrid Slow 2017 (3.82) TOS 2 97
15 Diamond Hybrid Fast 2018 (0.75) TOS 1 150
16 ATR Stingray Open pollinated Fast 2018 (0.75) TOS 1 107
17 44Y90 CL Hybrid Mid-fast 2018 (0.75) TOS 1 161
18 ATR Bonito Open pollinated Mid-fast 2018 (0.75) TOS 1 68
19 45Y25 RR Hybrid Mid-slow 2018 (0.75) TOS 1 92
20 ATR Wahoo Open pollinated Mid-slow 2018 (0.75) TOS 1 59
21 Archer Hybrid Slow 2018 (0.75) TOS 1 105
22 Diamond Hybrid Fast 2018 (0.75) TOS 2 141
23 ATR Stingray Open pollinated Fast 2018 (0.75) TOS 2 84
24 44Y90 CL Hybrid Mid-fast 2018 (0.75) TOS 2 140
25 ATR Bonito Open pollinated Mid-fast 2018 (0.75) TOS 2 88
26 45Y25 RR Hybrid Mid-slow 2018 (0.75) TOS 2 59
27 ATR Wahoo Open pollinated Mid-slow 2018 (0.75) TOS 2 49
28 Archer Hybrid Slow 2018 (0.75) TOS 2 82
29 Diamond Hybrid Fast Average (2.29) TOS 1 129
30 ATR Stingray Open pollinated Fast Average (2.29) TOS 1 99
31 44Y90 CL Hybrid Mid-fast Average (2.29) TOS 1 132
32 ATR Bonito Open pollinated Mid-fast Average (2.29) TOS 1 79
33 45Y25 RR Hybrid Mid-slow Average (2.29) TOS 1 100
34 ATR Wahoo Open pollinated Mid-slow Average (2.29) TOS 1 79
35 Archer Hybrid Slow Average (2.29) TOS 1 103
36 Diamond Hybrid Fast Average (2.29) TOS 2 123
37 ATR Stingray Open pollinated Fast Average (2.29) TOS 2 89
38 44Y90 CL Hybrid Mid-fast Average (2.29) TOS 2 123
39 ATR Bonito Open pollinated Mid-fast Average (2.29) TOS 2 90
40 45Y25 RR Hybrid Mid-slow Average (2.29) TOS 2 83
41 ATR Wahoo Open pollinated Mid-slow Average (2.29) TOS 2 70
42 Archer Hybrid Slow Average (2.29) TOS 2 90

Percentage of site mean %


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Observed trial site soil information
Trial site soil testing
Site Depth Type pH EC P K N A OC CAT
Site 3, Longerenong, VIC 0 - 10cm 8.30 0.24 33.00
Site 3, Longerenong, VIC 10 - 40cm 8.70 0.22 20.00
Site 3, Longerenong, VIC 40 - 70cm 9.10 0.37 8.00
Site 3, Longerenong, VIC 70 - 100cm 8.20 2.04 8.00
Soil conditions
Trial site Soil texture
Site 3, Longerenong, VIC Clay
Derived trial site soil information
Australian Soil Classification Source
Trial site Soil order
Site 3, Longerenong, VIC Vertosol
National soil grid Source
NOTE: National Soil Grid data is aggregated information for background information on the wider area
Actual soil values can vary significantly in a small area and the trial soil tests are the most relevant data where available

Soil properties

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Climate

Site 3, Longerenong VIC 2018


Observed climate information

Rainfall trial total (mm) 284mm
Rainfall trial gsr (mm) 187mm

Derived climate information

Site 3, Longerenong VIC

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Some data on this site is sourced from the Bureau of Meteorology

SILO weather estimates sourced from https://www.longpaddock.qld.gov.au/silo/
Jeffrey, S.J., Carter, J.O., Moodie, K.B. and Beswick, A.R. (2001). Using spatial interpolation to construct a comprehensive archive of Australian climate data , Environmental Modelling and Software, Vol 16/4, pp 309-330. DOI: 10.1016/S1364-8152(01)00008-1.




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Trial last modified: 15-03-2019 09:12am AEST