Effect of planting arrangements of wheat and pre-emergence herbicides on annual ryegrass management

2018

Research organisaton
Funding source

Trial details

Researcher(s) Gurjeet Gill and Ben Fleet
Year(s) 2018
Contributor School of Agriculture, Food and Wine - The University of Adelaide
Trial location(s) Roseworthy campus, University of Adelaide, SA
Effect of planting arrangements of wheat and pre-emergence herbicides on annual ryegrass management locations
Aims

To investigate the interaction between three sowing methods/planting arrangements and herbicides on ryegrass control in wheat.

Key messages

Wheat plant density was significantly affected by the planting arrangement (P=0.027) and the herbicide treatment (P<0.001). The Ribbon seeder system had the highest wheat density (196 plants/m2) as compared to the knife-point system (180 plants/m2) and the Zero row spacing (177 plants/m2). Wheat plant density in the inter-row space in the Zero row spacing treatment was reduced by Treflan + Avadex and Boxer Gold. Annual ryegrass plant density was only affected by the herbicide treatments (P<0.001). Pre-emergent herbicide activity was much lower than expected (24-29% efficacy) and is likely to be due to extremely dry soil conditions at the site (decile 1 growing season). Similarly, the reduction in ryegrass spike density by the herbicides relative to the untreated control was low and ranged from 6 to 24%. There was no significant reduction in ryegrass seed production by the herbicide treatment, which was surprising because Sakura and Boxer Gold did reduce ryegrass spike density. Ryegrass was able to produce 18-20,000 seeds/m2 in different herbicide treatments, which highlights the poor efficacy of pre-emergent herbicide in dry conditions. Herbicide treatments had a significant effect on wheat grain yield with Sakura producing the highest yield (2.31 t/ha), closely followed by Boxer Gold (2.13 t/ha). Sakura and Boxer Gold treatments increased wheat grain yield by 29% and 19% compared to the untreated control, respectively.  These results show that ryegrass was quite competitive against wheat under the dry conditions experienced in 2018. The treatment of Sakura ($40/ha) increased wheat yield by 0.5 t/ha compared to the untreated control, which would have improved the gross margin by $150/ha.

Lead research organisation School of Agriculture, Food and Wine - The University of Adelaide
Host research organisation School of Agriculture, Food and Wine - The University of Adelaide
Trial funding source GRDC 9175134
Related program GRDC - Weeds
Acknowledgments

We thank GRDC for providing funding for this research project.


Other trial partners Not specified
Download the trial report to view additional trial information

Method

Crop type Wheat
Treatment type(s)
  • Herbicide: Type
  • Sowing: Method
Trial type Experimental
Trial design Randomised,Replicated,Blocked

Roseworthy campus, University of Adelaide 2018

Sow date Not specified
Harvest date Not specified
Plot size Not specified
Plot replication Not specified
Download the trial report to view additional method/treatment information
Trial source data and summary not available
Check the trial report PDF for trial results.
Observed trial site soil information
Trial site soil testing
Not specified
Soil conditions
Trial site Soil texture
Roseworthy campus, University of Adelaide, SA Not specified
Derived trial site soil information
Australian Soil Classification Source
Trial site Soil order
Roseworthy campus, University of Adelaide, SA Anthroposol
National soil grid Source
NOTE: National Soil Grid data is aggregated information for background information on the wider area
Actual soil values can vary significantly in a small area and the trial soil tests are the most relevant data where available

Soil properties

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Climate

Derived climate information

No observed climate data available for this trial.
Derived climate data is determined from trial site location and national weather sources.

Roseworthy campus, University of Adelaide SA

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Some data on this site is sourced from the Bureau of Meteorology

SILO weather estimates sourced from https://www.longpaddock.qld.gov.au/silo/
Jeffrey, S.J., Carter, J.O., Moodie, K.B. and Beswick, A.R. (2001). Using spatial interpolation to construct a comprehensive archive of Australian climate data , Environmental Modelling and Software, Vol 16/4, pp 309-330. DOI: 10.1016/S1364-8152(01)00008-1.



Trial last modified: 20-09-2019 11:03am AEST