Gurjeet Gill and Ben Fleet
|Contributor||School of Agriculture, Food and Wine - The University of Adelaide|
Site 3, Minnipa, SA
To investigate the effects of crop row spacing, seedbed utilisation and pre-emergent herbicides on ryegrass management in wheat.
The herbicide treatment had a significant effect on ARG density (P<0.001) in this field trial at Minnipa. Favourable rain events in June were highly suitable for the activity of both pre-emergent herbicides investigated in this trial. Averaged across the row spacing and SBU treatments, Boxer Gold and Sakura + Avadex reduced ARG plant density by 88% and 90%, respectively. The density of ARG spikes was significantly influenced by the herbicide treatment. Boxer Gold reduced ARG spike density by 74% compared to the untreated control, whereas Sakura + Avadex caused 85% reduction in ARG spike density. The density of ARG spikes in Sakura + Avadex were significantly lower than in the Boxer Gold treatment. ARG seed production was also significantly affected by the herbicide treatment (P<0.001) but not by wheat row spacing (P=0.272) or seed boot design (P=0.994). ARG produced 5740 seeds/m2 in the untreated control, which was reduced by 74% by Boxer Gold and 86% by the mixture of Sakura + Avadex. Presence of ARG at 190 plants/m2 in the untreated control, reduced wheat grain yield by 11% compared to Boxer Gold or 8% compared to Sakura + Avadex. However, it was still profitable to control ARG with effective herbicide treatments. Based on cash grain price of Australian Premium Wheat (APW) of $400/t in 2018, Boxer Gold would be expected to increase the gross margin by $68/ha as compared $12/ha increase for Sakura + Avadex.
|Lead research organisation||
School of Agriculture, Food and Wine - The University of Adelaide
|Host research organisation||N/A|
|Trial funding source||GRDC 9175134|
GRDC - Weeds
We thank GRDC for funding the project and SARDI, Minnipa (Amanda Cook) for local collaboration. We also thank Bruce Heddle for providing an excellent field site for this research.
|Other trial partners||SARDI, Minnipa|
|Sow date||Not specified|
|Harvest date||Not specified|
|Plot size||Not specified|
|Plot replication||Not specified|
SILO weather estimates sourced from https://www.longpaddock.qld.gov.au/silo/
Jeffrey, S.J., Carter, J.O., Moodie, K.B. and Beswick, A.R. (2001). Using spatial interpolation to construct a comprehensive archive of Australian climate data , Environmental Modelling and Software, Vol 16/4, pp 309-330. DOI: 10.1016/S1364-8152(01)00008-1.