Stubble management and retention

Managing stubbles post-harvest is an ongoing issue that growers deal with every year in their cropping rotation. OFT contains more than 400 trials on stubble retention, management and benefits. There are over 180 published stubble management trials for wheat, 40 for barley and 35 for canola. There is also a set of more than 160 trials spanning five years from the GRDC-initiative, Maintaining profitable farming systems with retained stubble available on OFT. This set of trials includes details on harvest efficiency, stubble breakdown options, cropping sequences to manage stubble loads, sowing configurations and associated costs, and grazing and weed management strategies.

For access to additional, up-to-date information and advice on stubble management and retention, refer to these articles from the most recent GroundCover Supplement Issue:

For further details on latest stubble management strategies and trials, refer to these GRDC Update Papers:

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324 total results found Matching the current search filters and located within the visible map area.

318 results have a trial report available
180 results have source data available
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Aims:

All four trials were aiming to evaluate what alternative stubble retention practices can be implemented into the cropping system, without
incurring yield penalty or significant cost to the grower.

Crop type: Barley,Canola 4 trials Stubble Management
Hamilton, VIC Lake Bolac, VIC Mingay, VIC Mt Pollock, VIC
Research organisaton

Aims:

The project seeks to:

  • investigate, demonstrate and extend cultural practices that will assist growers to adopt no-till stubble retention (NTSR) in medium and higher-rainfall environments;
  • build on findings from the previous Riverine Plains Inc. Water Use Efficiency (WUE) project; and
  • extend the fr… read more
Crop type: Barley,Canola,Wheat 4 trials Crop Rotation Stubble Management
Corowa, NSW Henty, NSW Dookie, VIC Yarrawonga, VIC
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

Crop type: Wheat,Canola,Barley 4 trials Fertiliser Rate Stubble Management
Corowa, NSW Henty, NSW Dookie, VIC Yarrawonga, VIC
Research organisatons
Funding source

Aims:

Crop type: Wheat,Canola 4 trials Fertiliser Rate Stubble Management
Coreen, NSW Henty, NSW Dookie, VIC Yarrawonga, VIC
Research organisatons
Funding source

Aims:

To develop agronomic packages and seeding technology solutions which can allow for increased stubble retention practices, thereby reducing the dependence on burning.

Crop type: Barley,Wheat,Canola 4 trials Stubble Management
Inverleigh, VIC Lake Bolac, VIC Penshurst, VIC Winchelsea, VIC
Research organisaton
Funding sources

Aims:

To evaluate the performance of different in-crop nitrogen treatments and plant populations at a range or row spacings in first wheat following canola.

Crop type: Wheat 4 trials Fertiliser Method Sowing Row spacing
Yarrawonga, VIC
Research organisatons
Funding source

Aims:

Crop type: Wheat 4 trials Fertiliser Method Sowing Row spacing
Yarrawonga, VIC
Research organisatons
Funding source

Aims:

Crop type: Wheat 4 trials Fertiliser Rate Fertiliser Timing
Corowa, NSW Dookie, VIC
Research organisaton
Funding source

Monitoring the performance of nitrogen application to wheat under full stubble retention

Nick Poole, Michael Straight and Tracey Wylie (FAR Australia); Casandra Schefe (Riverine Plains), Sarah Noack and Peter Hooper (Hart Field-Site Group), Sam Trengove (SPAA)

Aims:

To monitor the performance of nitrogen application to wheat under full stubble retention.

Crop type: Wheat 4 trials Fertiliser Rate Fertiliser Timing
Dookie, VIC Yarrawonga, VIC
Research organisatons
Funding source

Aims:

To investigate the interaction between early sowing and row spacing and variety in first wheat crops under full stubble retention.

Crop type: Wheat 4 trials Sowing Row spacing Variety Type
Barooga, NSW Yarrawonga, VIC
Research organisatons
Funding source

Aims:

To investigate the interaction between early sowing and row spacing in first wheat under full stubble retention.

Crop type: Wheat 4 trials Sowing Row spacing Variety Type
Barooga, NSW Yarrawonga, VIC
Research organisatons
Funding source

Aims:

To examine the influence of two nitrogen timings: 40kg N/ha applied at tillering (GS22) or first node (GS31) and four fungicide strategies on levels of yellow leaf spot (YLS).

Crop type: Wheat 4 trials Fertiliser Timing Fungicide Timing
Coreen, NSW
Research organisatons
Funding source

Aims:

The project seeks to:

  • investigate, demonstrate and extend cultural practices that will assist growers to adopt no-till stubble retention (NTSR) in medium and higher-rainfall environments;
  • build on findings from the previous Riverine Plains Inc. Water Use Efficiency (WUE) project; and
  • extend the fr… read more
Crop type: Wheat,Canola 3 trials Crop Rotation Stubble Management
Coreen, NSW Dookie, VIC Yarrawonga, VIC
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To examine the livestock benefits and impacts on cereal yield and stubble aftermath by grazing.

Crop type: Barley,Oats,Triticale,Wheat 6 trials Crop Type Grazing Timing Grazing Height Variety Type
Ceres, VIC Derrinallum, VIC Learmonth, VIC
Research organisaton

Aims:

Crop type: Wheat 3 trials Fertiliser Timing Fungicide Type Fungicide Timing
Coreen, NSW
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To examine the interaction between additional nitrogen application above grower practice and the response to plant growth regulator (PGR).

Crop type: Wheat 3 trials Fertiliser Rate
Redlands, NSW Yarrawonga, VIC
Research organisatons
Funding source

Aims:

To investigate Stubble Management Systems to Reduce Dependence on Burning in the HRZ Region of Southern Australia.

Crop type: Barley,Canola 2 trials Stubble Management
Inverleigh, VIC Shelford, VIC

Important Caution The results of this trial may have been impacted by unusual or adverse events
Low rainfall
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

Crop type: Wheat 2 trials Fertiliser Rate Fertiliser Timing
Dookie, VIC Yarrawonga, VIC
Research organisatons
Funding source

Aims:

To evaluate the the value of foliar fungicide sprays for the control of yellow leaf spot in wheat established in the stubble of the previous wheat crop under no till.

Crop type: Wheat 2 trials Fungicide Type Fungicide Timing
Yarrawonga, VIC
Research organisatons
Funding source

Aims:

To investigate the interaction between early sowing and row spacing and variety in first wheat crops under full stubble retention.

Crop type: Wheat 2 trials Sowing Timing Sowing Row spacing Variety Type
Yarrawonga, VIC
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To investigate the interaction between plant growth regulator (PGR) and nitrogen application in early-sown first wheat.

Crop type: Wheat 2 trials Fertiliser Timing Growth regulator Application
Yarrawonga, VIC
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To evaluate the effect of plant growth regulator (PGR) appliaction in early-sown first wheat grown under different levels of nitrogen application.

Crop type: Wheat 2 trials Fertiliser Rate
Yarrawonga, VIC
Research organisatons
Funding source

Aims:

To investigate the influence of stubble management and rate on the duration, severity and frost damage in frost prone parts of the landscape in the Mallee and Wimmera regions.

Crop type: Barley 3 trials Stubble Management
Hopetoun, VIC
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To determine the nutrient loss from stubbles of various crop types following summer rainfall.

Crop type: Wheat,Canola,Field peas 3 trials Stubble Type
Birchip, VIC
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To investigate if stubble/seeding direction and management (plus or minus stubble) effects lentil growth and yield

Crop type: Lentils,Wheat 2 trials Stubble Management
Hart, SA
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To quantify the impact of stubble on the severity and duration of frost through canopy temperature and grain yield.

Crop type: Wheat 2 trials Frost Tendency Stubble Management
Nyabing, WA York, WA
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To determine the effect of stubble type (wheat, peas and canola) and load (from Decile 2, 5 and 8
seasons) on subsequent soil and crop nutrition.

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Stubble Management
Kalkee, VIC
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To evaluate the impact of a light cultivation prior to application of residual herbicides.

Crop type: Fallow 2 trials Herbicide Stubble
Goondiwindi, NSW
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To investigate how differing summer farming practices influence stored water and how plant available water may influence grain yield potential and grain quality attributes in the low rainfall area in central NSW.

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Stubble
Condobolin, NSW
Research organisaton

Stubble rate response for the management of frost severity - Cuballing

Ben Biddulph (DAFWA), Rebecca Jenkinson (Living Farm), Sarah Hyde and Sheree Blechynden (Facey Group)

Aims:

Determine if there is an interaction between temperature and various rates of stubble and outline whether increased stubble loads change the severtiy and duration of frost.

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Frost Tendency Stubble Management
Wickepin, WA
Research organisatons
Funding source

Stubble rate response for the management of frost severity - Tincurrin

Ben Biddulph (DAFWA), Rebecca Jenkinson (Living Farm), Sarah Hyde and Sheree Blechynden (Facey Group)

Aims:

Determine if there is an interaction between temperature and various rates of stubble and outline whether increased stubble loads change the severtiy and duration of frost.

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Frost Tendency Stubble Management
Wickepin, WA
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To investigate the incorporation and breakdown of stubbles by adding nutrients.

Crop type: Canola 1 trial Fertiliser Rate Soil Preparation
Kerang, VIC
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To investigate the impact of stubble on frost severity and duration.

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Crop Protection Stubble Type
Nyabing, WA
Research organisaton
Funding source

Stubble management to improve crop yield

Chris Korte, Mick Brady, Chris Davies amd Dave Monks (DEDJTR)

Aims:

Over recent seasons adoption of stubble retention has plateaued in the Mallee and some growers are reducing the area of stubble retained until the next growing season. An experiment was undertaken to identify potential improvements in stubble management so this trend could be reversed. The experiment examined how different amounts and types of s… read more

Crop type: Canola,Wheat 2 trials Fertiliser Rate Stubble Height
Ouyen, VIC
Source Data Unavailable
Research organisaton
Funding sources

Aims:

To demonstrate the impact of different stubble management techniques on soil biota activity and nutrition demands would be monitored using the same fertiliser applications in crop and by comparing yields. In subsequent years the effect of different treatments will be monitored.

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Stubble Stubble Management
Minnipa, SA
Source Data Unavailable
Research organisaton

Aims:

  • To maximise yield of new field pea varieties through the identification of optimum sowing dates.

Crop type: Field peas 1 trial Stubble Stubble Management
Minnipa, SA
Source Data Unavailable
Research organisaton
Funding sources

Aims:

To determine the effect of stubble management (standing, slashed or burnt) on the crop safety of pre-sowing herbicides, and their efficacy against Group A-resistant annual ryegrass.

Crop type: Wheat,Barley 4 trials Herbicide Application Stubble Management
Jil JIl, VIC
Source Data Unavailable
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To measure ryegrass populations under continuous cropping with a range of stubble and tillage practices.

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Crop Stubble
Condobolin, NSW
Source Data Unavailable
Research organisaton

Aims:

To investigate the effects of sowing various crops into different stubble management techniques: burnt, burnt and worked, mulched, slashed and standing.

Birchip, VIC Charlton, VIC
Source Data Unavailable
Research organisaton

Aims:

To investigate the effects of sowing barley and peas into a wheat stubble (standing, slashed and burnt).

Crop type: Field peas,Barley 2 trials Crop Type Sowing Row spacing Stubble Management
Watchupga East, VIC
Source Data Unavailable
Research organisaton

Aims:

To determine whether maintaining stubble cover in low rainfall environments increases summer moisture conservation, and, to establish the minimum stubble quantity or threshold necessary to ensure maximum moisture conservation over the summer.

Crop type: Oats 1 trial Stubble Management
Jil JIl, VIC
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

To add normal and higher amounts of nutrients (N, P and S) to different stubble managements (standing, worked and removed) to see if soil humus level would be increased.

Crop type: Wheat,Barley 4 trials Fertiliser Fertiliser Application Stubble Stubble Management
Hart, SA
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

The aim of this work is to understand the impact of stubble retention on in-canopy temperatures and associated risk of frost in cropping environments with high yields and high stubble loads.

Crop type: Wheat 1 trial Frost Stubble Management Stubble Height
Mulwala, NSW
Research organisaton
Funding source

Aims:

The key aims of this project have been to develop agronomic guidelines and seeding technology solutions which can allow for increased stubble retention practices, thereby reducing the dependence on burning.

Crop type: Canola 1 trial Sowing Row spacing Stubble Management
Inverleigh, VIC
Research organisaton
Funding source

Managing stubble and fertiliser to increase soil carbon

Sarah Noack (Hart Field Site Group), Harm van Rees (Cropfacts Pty Ltd) and Jeff Baldock (CSIRO)

Aims:

To add normal, as required to optimise yield potential, and extra amounts of nutrients (N, P and S) to different stubble managements (intact, incorporated and removed) to see if SOM levels could be increased.

Crop type: Barley,Wheat,Canola 12 trials Crop Rotation Stubble Stubble Management Stubble Height
Hart, SA